Document Detail

Comparison of extraamniotic Foley catheter and intracervical prostaglandin E gel for preinduction cervical ripening.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15762966     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: The success of induced labor depends on the degree of ripening of cervix. Pharmacological preparations are in widespread use for cervical ripening but are not free from side-effects and complications. Mechanical methods, i.e. the use of Foley catheter balloon, though effective have not gained much popularity because of the fear of infection. Therefore, this study has been conducted to prove the efficacy and safety of extraamniotic Foley catheter balloon and to compare it with intracervical prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) gel. METHODS: The randomized prospective study was conducted in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Medical Microbiology of Nehru Hospital. Hundred women attending the labor ward for induction of labor were divided into two groups: Group A--Foley catheter, Group B--PGE2 gel. Cervical swabs before and after the insertion of ripening agents were taken for culture studies. Placental membranes were also sent for culture. Labor outcome, side-effects, and complications were compared in both the groups. The statistical methods used were Student's compared t-test, Chi-square test, and Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney test. RESULTS: Foley catheter proved to be a very effective preinduction ripening agent for unfavorable cervix compared with PGE2 gel, as is evident by the mean Bishop score at 12 h (P<0.001). Preparation delivery interval was significantly shorter (P<0.05) in women who underwent cervical ripening with Foley catheter balloon than with the PGE2 gel. No clinical evidence of chorioamnionitis was present in both the groups. CONCLUSION: This study concludes that extraamniotic Foley catheter balloon is an effective, safe, simple, low-cost, reversible, non-pharmacological mechanical method of preinduction cervical ripening.
Rabindranath Dalui; Vanita Suri; Pallab Ray; Indu Gupta
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta obstetricia et gynecologica Scandinavica     Volume:  84     ISSN:  0001-6349     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand     Publication Date:  2005 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-03-14     Completed Date:  2005-05-19     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370343     Medline TA:  Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand     Country:  Denmark    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  362-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.
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MeSH Terms
Administration, Intravaginal
Balloon Dilatation*
Cervical Ripening / drug effects*
Dinoprostone / administration & dosage*
Labor, Induced / methods*
Oxytocics / administration & dosage*
Prospective Studies
Treatment Outcome
Vaginal Creams, Foams, and Jellies / administration & dosage
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Oxytocics; 0/Vaginal Creams, Foams, and Jellies; 363-24-6/Dinoprostone

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