Document Detail

Comparison of enrollment rates of African-American families into a school-based tobacco prevention trial using two recruitment strategies in urban and rural settings.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23448420     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: This study evaluated similarities and differences of enrollment rates using two different recruitment strategies for a tobacco control trial in rural and urban African-American (AA) elementary school families.
DESIGN: A comparative study, nested within a larger randomized controlled trial, was used to test the effectiveness of two recruitment approaches on enrollment rates in rural and urban AA families.
SETTING: The study was conducted in 14 Title 1 elementary schools in the southeastern United States: 7 rural and 7 urban.
SUBJECTS: There were 736 eligible AA families, and 332 (45%) completed informed consent and were enrolled into the study.
INTERVENTION: The Facilitate, Open and transparent communication, Shared benefits, Team and tailored, Educate bilaterally, and Relationships, realistic and rewards (FOSTER) approach guided the two recruitment strategies: (1) written informational packets provided to fourth graders to take home to parents; and (2) proactive, face-to-face family information sessions held at schools.
MEASURES: Enrollment rates were based on responsiveness to the two recruitment strategies and completion of the informed consent process.
ANALYSIS: Chi-square, Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel, and Breslow-Day tests were performed.
RESULTS: Higher enrollment rates occurred during the family session for both rural and urban families (100% rural, 93.6% urban; p = .0475) than informational packets alone (28.7% rural, 22% urban; p < .0001). Rural family enrollment rates were overall higher than urban rates regardless of recruitment strategy (52.0% rural vs. 39.6% urban; p = .0008).
CONCLUSION: The findings suggest the FOSTER approach, although effective in both rural and urban settings, was more successful in recruiting rural families.
Martha S Tingen; Jeannette O Andrews; Janie Heath; Ashley E Turnmire; Jennifer L Waller; Frank A Treiber
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of health promotion : AJHP     Volume:  27     ISSN:  0890-1171     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Health Promot     Publication Date:    2013 Mar-Apr
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-03-01     Completed Date:  2014-01-08     Revised Date:  2014-02-04    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8701680     Medline TA:  Am J Health Promot     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  e91-e100     Citation Subset:  T    
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MeSH Terms
African Americans*
Middle Aged
Patient Selection*
Research Design
Rural Population*
Smoking / prevention & control*
United States
Urban Population*
Grant Support
R01 CA118066/CA/NCI NIH HHS; R01 CA118066/CA/NCI NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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