Document Detail

Comparison of enalapril to captopril by 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9208358     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The efficacy of a once-daily dose of enalapril was compared with a thrice-daily dose of captopril in an open-label, randomized parallel group study of 27 hypertensive patients. The patients were monitored using conventional measurements of blood pressure and with 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring at baseline and after 12 weeks of therapy. The end points were 24-hour, daytime, and nighttime mean blood pressure values and the percentage of elevated systolic and diastolic measurements, reflecting the "hypertensive load." Enalapril reduced mean 24-hour systolic blood pressure by 18 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure by 11 mmHg. The comparative values for captopril were 9 mmHg and 2 mmHg, respectively. The mean daytime systolic blood pressure was reduced by 20 mmHg with enalapril versus 7 mmHg with captopril; the diastolic values were lowered by 11 mmHg with enalapril versus 4 mmHg with captopril. The mean nighttime systolic blood pressure was lowered by 16 mmHg with enalapril versus 12 mmHg with captopril; the diastolic values were reduced by 10 mmHg with enalapril and 5 mmHg with captopril. No major side effects were recorded in either group. A single daily 20-mg dose of enalapril, therefore, proved to be equipotent or superior to 75 mg of captopril administered in three divided doses.
T Bental; M Lishner; A Lalkin; A Elis; M Ravid
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of clinical pharmacology     Volume:  37     ISSN:  0091-2700     ISO Abbreviation:  J Clin Pharmacol     Publication Date:  1997 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-08-07     Completed Date:  1997-08-07     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0366372     Medline TA:  J Clin Pharmacol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  514-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Medicine, Meir Hospital, Kfar Sava, Israel.
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MeSH Terms
Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors / therapeutic use*
Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory*
Captopril / therapeutic use*
Enalapril / therapeutic use*
Hypertension / drug therapy*
Middle Aged
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors; 62571-86-2/Captopril; 75847-73-3/Enalapril

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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