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Comparison of the efficacy of ramosetron and ondansetron in the prophylaxis of postoperative vomiting in children receiving fentanyl by patient-controlled analgesia after orthopedic surgery: a randomized controlled trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23281658     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to compare the efficacy of prophylactic ramosetron and ondansetron in preventing postoperative vomiting in children who received fentanyl by patient-controlled analgesia after orthopedic surgery. METHODS: Two hundred and eighteen children, 2-15 years old, ASA physical status 1 or 2, scheduled for elective orthopedic surgeries, were randomly divided into the ramosetron group (n = 109) or ondansetron group (n = 109). Patients in ondansetron group received ondansetron 100 μg·kg(-1) and patients in ramosetron group received ramosetron 6 μg·kg(-1) after surgery. Intravenous patient-controlled analgesia with fentanyl was used in both groups. The incidence of postoperative vomiting and side effects were assessed during the 48 h after surgery. RESULTS: There was significantly less vomiting during the first 24-h and 6-24-h period after surgery in ramosetron group than in ondansetron group (P < 0.01). There were no significant differences in side effect of 5-HT(3) antagonist between the two groups. CONCLUSION: Ramosetron was more effective during the first 24-h period after surgery than ondansetron in children using fentanyl patient-controlled analgesia after general anesthesia.
Authors:
Yong-Hee Park; Young-Eun Jang; Hyo-Jin Byon; Jin-Tae Kim; Hee-Soo Kim
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-2
Journal Detail:
Title:  Paediatric anaesthesia     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1460-9592     ISO Abbreviation:  Paediatr Anaesth     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9206575     Medline TA:  Paediatr Anaesth     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2013 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Affiliation:
Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, South Korea.
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