Document Detail


Comparison of the efficacy between hydrochlorothiazide and chlorthalidone on central aortic pressure when added on to candesartan in treatment-naïve patients of hypertension.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23034468     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Thiazide-type diuretics are the most commonly used blood pressure (BP)-lowering drug for patients with uncomplicated hypertension. However, it has remained unclear whether hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) or chlorthalidone (CTD) shows better improvement in central aortic pressure. We conducted an open-label, randomized, prospective cross-over study with an 8-week active treatment (HCTZ of 25 mg with candesartan of 8 mg or CTD of 12.5 mg with candesartan of 8 mg) with a 4-week washout period (only candesartan during this period). Twenty-eight treatment-naïve patients of hypertension were enrolled (mean age: 50±9 years, male: 44.4%). Central aortic pressure, pulse wave velocity (PWV), augmentation index (AIx) and other BP-derived parameters were measured. After 8 weeks of active treatment, there was no significant difference in changes of central aortic pressure between HCTZ and CTD treatments (Δ=-14±8 vs. -16±7 mm Hg, P=0.645). However, CTD treatment showed a significant reduction in PWV compared with baseline (1321±194 vs. 1439±190 cm s(-1), P=0.007) and HCTZ treatment (Δ=-118±82 vs. Δ=5±72 cm s(-1), P=0.033), whereas HCTZ treatment showed a marginal, but not a significant reduction in AIx compared with baseline. In conclusion, CTD of 12.5 mg is as potent as HCTZ of 25 mg, when combined with candesartan of 8 mg, in lowering central aortic pressure. In addition, CTD treatment resulted in a significant reduction of PWV.Hypertension Research advance online publication, 4 October 2012; doi:10.1038/hr.2012.143.
Authors:
Beom-June Kwon; Sung-Won Jang; Kyu-Young Choi; Dong-Bin Kim; Eun-Joo Cho; Sang-Hyun Ihm; Ho-Joong Youn; Jae-Hyung Kim
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-04
Journal Detail:
Title:  Hypertension research : official journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1348-4214     ISO Abbreviation:  Hypertens. Res.     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9307690     Medline TA:  Hypertens Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
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