Document Detail

Comparison of effects of bezafibrate and fenofibrate on circulating proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 and adipocytokine levels in dyslipidemic subjects with impaired glucose tolerance or type 2 diabetes mellitus: Results from a crossover study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21411093     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Bezafibrate and fenofibrate show different binding properties against peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor subtypes, which could cause different clinical effects on circulating proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) levels and on various metabolic markers. METHODS: An open, randomized, four-phased crossover study using 400mg of bezafibrate or 200mg of fenofibrate was performed. Study subjects were 14 dyslipidemia with impaired glucose tolerance or type 2 diabetes mellitus (61±16 years, body mass index (BMI) 26±3kg/m(2), total cholesterol (TC) 219±53mg/dL, triglyceride (TG) 183±83mg/dL, high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) 46±8mg/dL, fasting plasma glucose 133±31mg/dL and HbA1c 6.2±0.8%). Subjects were given either bezafibrate or fenofibrate for 8 weeks, discontinued for 4 weeks and then switched to the other fibrate for 8 weeks. Circulating PCSK9 levels and other metabolic parameters, including adiponectin, leptin and urine 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) were measured at 0, 8, 12 and 20 weeks. RESULTS: Plasma PCSK9 concentrations were significantly increased (+39.7% for bezafibrate and +66.8% for fenofibrate, p<0.001) in all patients except for one subject when treated with bezafibrate. Both bezafibrate and fenofibrate caused reductions in TG (-38.3%, p<0.001 vs. -32.9%, p<0.01) and increases in HDL-C (+18.0%, p<0.001 vs. +11.7%, p<0.001). Fenofibrate significantly reduced serum cholesterol levels (TC, -11.2%, p<0.01; non-HDL-C, -17.3%, p<0.01; apolipoprotein B, -15.1%, p<0.01), whereas bezafibrate significantly improved glucose tolerance (insulin, -17.0%, p<0.05) and metabolic markers (γ-GTP, -38.9%, p<0.01; adiponectin, +15.4%, p<0.05; urine 8-OHdG/Cre, -9.5%, p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Both bezafibrate and fenofibrate increased plasma PCSK9 concentrations. The addition of a PCSK9 inhibitor to each fibrate therapy may achieve beneficial cholesterol lowering along with desirable effects of respective fibrates.
Tohru Noguchi; Junji Kobayashi; Kunimasa Yagi; Atsushi Nohara; Naoto Yamaaki; Masako Sugihara; Naoko Ito; Rie Oka; Masa-Aki Kawashiri; Hayato Tada; Mutsuko Takata; Akihiro Inazu; Masakazu Yamagishi; Hiroshi Mabuchi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-2-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Atherosclerosis     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-1484     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-3-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0242543     Medline TA:  Atherosclerosis     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Department of Lipidology, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kanazawa University, Takara-machi 13-1, Kanazawa 920-8640, Japan.
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