Document Detail

Comparison of the effects of AV nodal ablation versus AV nodal modification in patients with congestive heart failure and uncontrolled atrial fibrillation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9584293     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Radiofrequency (RF) catheter ablation of the atrioventricular node (AVN) and implantation of a ventricular pacemaker can improve cardiac performance in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) and uncontrolled atrial fibrillation (AF). Alternatively, RF catheter modification of the AVN has been proposed to slow ventricular response during AF without requirement for permanent pacing. Among 44 consecutive patients (mean age 69.7 +/- 10.2 years) with drug resistant chronic AF, 22 (group I) had AVN ablation with permanent ventricular pacemaker implantation, while 22 patients had attempted AVN modification. Complete AV block was obtained in all group I patients while only seven (32%) AVN modification patients (group II) had permanent slowing of ventricular rate. Among patients in group I, mean left ventricular ejection fraction (EF) increased from 32.2% +/- 8.8% before ablation to 41.9% +/- 14.6% 4-weeks postablation (P < 0.01); exercise tolerance time (ETT) increased from 2.9 +/- 2.2 minutes to 4.5 +/- 2.9 minutes (P < 0.01); and quality-of-life score decreased from 66.1 +/- 22.6 to 36.9 +/- 17.1 (P < 0.01). By comparison, there was only a small increase in ETT in the seven successful group II patients (2.4 +/- 1.8 minutes to 3.0 +/- 1.9 minutes; P < 0.05) and there was no significant change in EF or quality-of-life. While AVN ablation can occasionally have transient adverse effects, it is more effective than AVN modification for improving cardiac performance in selected patients with CHF and AF.
N Twidale; T McDonald; K Nave; A Seal
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pacing and clinical electrophysiology : PACE     Volume:  21     ISSN:  0147-8389     ISO Abbreviation:  Pacing Clin Electrophysiol     Publication Date:  1998 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-07-02     Completed Date:  1998-07-02     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7803944     Medline TA:  Pacing Clin Electrophysiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  641-51     Citation Subset:  IM    
St. Mary's Mercy Hospital, Enid, Oklahoma, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Atrial Fibrillation / physiopathology,  surgery*
Atrioventricular Node / surgery*
Catheter Ablation*
Exercise Tolerance
Heart Failure / complications*,  physiopathology
Middle Aged
Pacemaker, Artificial
Quality of Life
Stroke Volume
Treatment Outcome
Comment In:
Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2005 May;28(5):357-60   [PMID:  15869664 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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