Document Detail

Comparison of the effectiveness of three irrigation techniques in reducing intracanal Enterococcus faecalis populations: an in vitro study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19801244     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
INTRODUCTION: Several irrigation techniques have been recently introduced with the main objective of improving root canal disinfection. This in vitro study aimed at comparing the intracanal bacterial reduction promoted by chemomechanical preparation with 3 different irrigation techniques. METHODS: Root canals from extracted teeth were contaminated with Enterococcus faecalis ATCC 29212 for 7 days and then randomly distributed into 3 experimental groups of 20 teeth each: group 1, conventional irrigation with NaviTip needles inserted up to 3 mm short of the working length; group 2, same as group 1, but supplemented with final irrigant activation by the EndoActivator system; and group 3, irrigation with the EndoVac system. NaOCl and ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) were the irrigants used in all experimental groups. The overall preparation time was kept constant for the groups, but the total volume ranged from 20 mL (groups 1 and 2) to 43 mL (group 3). The control group was irrigated with saline solution (total volume, 43 mL). Samples taken before and after chemomechanical procedures were cultured, and the colony-forming units (CFUs) were counted. RESULTS: Reduction in the bacterial populations was highly significant for all groups. The 3 experimental groups with NaOCl and EDTA as irrigants were significantly more effective than the control group with saline in reducing CFU counts. There were no significant differences between the 3 techniques tested. CONCLUSIONS: There was no evident antibacterial superiority of any of the irrigation techniques evaluated in the present in vitro model.
Patr??cia R R Brito; Let??cia C Souza; Julio C Machado de Oliveira; Fl??vio R F Alves; Gustavo De-Deus; H??lio P Lopes; Jos?? F Siqueira
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of endodontics     Volume:  35     ISSN:  1878-3554     ISO Abbreviation:  J Endod     Publication Date:  2009 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-10-05     Completed Date:  2009-12-22     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7511484     Medline TA:  J Endod     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1422-7     Citation Subset:  D    
Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Est??cio de S?? University, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.
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MeSH Terms
Chelating Agents / therapeutic use
Colony Count, Microbial
Dental Pulp Cavity / microbiology*,  ultrastructure
Dentin / microbiology,  ultrastructure
Edetic Acid / therapeutic use
Enterococcus faecalis / drug effects*
Irrigation / instrumentation,  methods
Materials Testing
Microscopy, Electron, Scanning
Root Canal Irrigants / therapeutic use*
Root Canal Preparation / instrumentation,  methods*
Sodium Hypochlorite / therapeutic use
Time Factors
Treatment Outcome
Ultrasonic Therapy / instrumentation
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Chelating Agents; 0/Root Canal Irrigants; 60-00-4/Edetic Acid; 7681-52-9/Sodium Hypochlorite

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