Document Detail

Comparison of early and long-term results of percutaneous coronary interventions in patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction, complicated or not by cardiogenic shock.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19940765     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: Cardiogenic shock (CS) still remains one of the most important factors affecting the mortality rate of patients with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). However, the data with follow-up longer than 1 year are limited. The aim of this study was to evaluate the early and long-term treatment results of patients with STEMI, complicated or not by CS, who underwent percutaneus coronary interventions. METHODS: A retrospective registry included data of all patients with STEMI admitted to our centre from January 1999 to December 2001. RESULTS: One thousand three hundred and eighty-five patients with STEMI were hospitalized and 1237 of them were treated with immediate percutaneus coronary interventions. Among this subpopulation, 117 (9.5%) patients were with STEMI complicated with CS on admission (group I) and 1120 (90.5%) patients were with STEMI without complications from CS on admission (group II). The groups differed significantly with regard to baseline clinical characteristics, angiographic picture, and in-hospital course. A total of 38.5% of patients with myocardial infarction complicated by CS and 2.5% of patients without shock (P<0.001) died during hospitalization. At the 5-year follow-up, 58.1% of group I patients and 14.8% of group II patients (P<0.001) died. A significant difference in the 5-year mortality rate was also observed in patients who survived the in-hospital period (31.9 vs. 12.6%; P<0.001). CONCLUSION: CS continues to be closely connected with a very high mortality rate both in the hospital and in the long-term, also among patients who survived the in-hospital period.
Andrzej Lekston; Grzegorz Slonka; Mariusz Gasior; Damian Pres; Marek Gierlotka; Tadeusz Zebik; Jaroslaw Wasilewski; Jan Glowacki; Lech Polonski
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Coronary artery disease     Volume:  21     ISSN:  1473-5830     ISO Abbreviation:  Coron. Artery Dis.     Publication Date:  2010 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-12-22     Completed Date:  2010-03-04     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9011445     Medline TA:  Coron Artery Dis     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  13-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Third Department of Cardiology, Silesian Centre for Heart Diseases, Medical University of Silesia, Zabrze, Poland.
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MeSH Terms
Angioplasty, Transluminal, Percutaneous Coronary* / adverse effects,  mortality
Coronary Angiography
Hospital Mortality
Kaplan-Meiers Estimate
Middle Aged
Myocardial Infarction / complications,  mortality,  radiography,  therapy*
Poland / epidemiology
Proportional Hazards Models
Retrospective Studies
Risk Assessment
Risk Factors
Shock, Cardiogenic / etiology*,  mortality,  radiography
Time Factors
Treatment Outcome

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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