Document Detail


Comparison of disposable diapers with fluff absorbent and fluff plus absorbent polymers: effects on skin hydration, skin pH, and diaper dermatitis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2748470     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Diaper dermatitis results from the action of a number of physical and chemical factors on the skin. While its etiology is complex, there is agreement that prolonged contact between wet diapers and the skin leading to excessive hydration of the stratum corneum and reduced barrier function is a primary factor. Recent research also indicates that pH elevation resulting from ammonia production increases the probability of skin damage due to fecal enzyme activity. New diapers containing absorbent polymers blended with cellulose fluff in the absorbent core have been developed. The absorbent polymer binds fluids and controls pH in the diaper environment. To assess the effectiveness of these diapers, a clinical study was conducted with approximately 150 infants over 15 weeks, using fluff diapers and absorbent polymer diapers. The results clearly showed that the diapers with absorbent polymer provide a better skin environment than those with fluff only with respect to lower skin wetness and pH control (instrumental measurements). In addition, the clinicians' grades indicated a directional reduction in diaper rash severity.
Authors:
J A Davis; J J Leyden; G L Grove; W J Raynor
Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatric dermatology     Volume:  6     ISSN:  0736-8046     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatr Dermatol     Publication Date:  1989 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-08-14     Completed Date:  1989-08-14     Revised Date:  2009-03-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8406799     Medline TA:  Pediatr Dermatol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  102-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Kimberly-Clark Corporation, Roswell, Georgia 30076.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Body Water / metabolism*
Diaper Rash / etiology*
Evaluation Studies as Topic
Galvanic Skin Response
Humans
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Infant
Infant Care*
Polymers*
Random Allocation
Skin / metabolism*
Urine
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Polymers

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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