Document Detail

Comparison of dietary intakes and iron status of vitamin-mineral supplement users and nonusers, aged 1-19 years.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3661481     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Despite widespread use of supplements, few studies have been conducted to determine if supplement users have better nutritional status. Using data from the second National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES II), mean values of five iron status indicators (hemoglobin, mean corpuscular volume, transferrin saturation, erythrocyte protoporphyrin, and serum ferritin) and dietary intakes of several nutrients and food groups were compared between regular supplement users and nonusers aged 1-19 y. Users consumed more vitamin C and fruits and vegetables than nonusers in several age-sex groups. No significant differences in mean Fe status indicator values were observed except for hemoglobin for the 3-4-y olds and serum ferritin for the 5-10-y olds. In both cases, users had higher values than nonusers. In general, Fe status was not associated with supplement use but the reason cannot be identified from this survey.
A C Looker; C T Sempos; C L Johnson; E A Yetley
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of clinical nutrition     Volume:  46     ISSN:  0002-9165     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Clin. Nutr.     Publication Date:  1987 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1987-11-13     Completed Date:  1987-11-13     Revised Date:  2009-11-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376027     Medline TA:  Am J Clin Nutr     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  665-72     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Division of Nutrition, Food and Drug Administration, Washington, DC.
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MeSH Terms
Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Child, Preschool
Food, Fortified*
Iron / blood*
Minerals / administration & dosage*
Nutrition Surveys
Vitamins / administration & dosage*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Minerals; 0/Vitamins; 7439-89-6/Iron

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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