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Comparison of daily glucose excursion by continuous glucose monitoring between type 2 diabetic patients receiving preprandial insulin aspart or postprandial insulin glulisine.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23047542     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Insulin glulisine (Glu) is a rapidly-acting insulin analog with a faster onset of action than the other insulin analogs of its class, which are insulin aspart (Asp) and insulin lispro (Lisp). While insulin Glu is usually injected just before meals, postprandial injection may help to avoid unexpected postprandial hypoglycemia or hyperglycemia by adjusting the insulin dosage according to food intake. However, the effect of postprandial insulin Glu on the glucose profile has not been evaluated. The aim of this study was to compare daily glucose excursion by continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) between multiple daily doses of preprandial insulin Asp or postprandial insulin Glu. In a randomized cross-over trial, we performed CGM to evaluate the 48-hour glucose profile during treatment with the same dosage of insulin Asp just before each meal in 12 hospitalized patients with type 2 diabetes. Patients also received the same dosage of long-acting insulin glargine at bedtime. The average glucose level, standard deviation of the glucose level, mean amplitude of glucose excursion, and daily glucose profile did not differ between preprandial Asp and postprandial Glu. The incidence of hypoglycemic episodes (glucose level<70 mg/dL with or without symptoms) and the area under the curve of glucose<70 mg/dL also did not differ between the two insulin regimens. Multiple daily injections of preprandial Asp and postprandial Glu achieved the same daily glucose excursion profile. Postprandial injection of Glu may provide greater flexibility for patients who require insulin therapy.
Authors:
Akio Ohta; Kaori Arai; Ami Nishine; Yoshiyuki Sada; Hiroyuki Kato; Hisashi Fukuda; Shiko Asai; Yoshio Nagai; Takuyuki Katabami; Yasushi Tanaka
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-06
Journal Detail:
Title:  Endocrine journal     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1348-4540     ISO Abbreviation:  Endocr. J.     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9313485     Medline TA:  Endocr J     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Metabolism and Endocrinology, St. Marianna University School of Medicine, Kawasaki 216-8511, Japan.
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