Document Detail

Comparison and critical evaluation of rehabilitation and home-based exercises for treating shoulder stiffness: prospective, multicenter study with 148 cases.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22036242     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
INTRODUCTION: The goal of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of individual exercises performed as classic rehabilitation or a home program on the clinical progression of patients with shoulder stiffness. Based on this information, the secondary goal was to develop a new rehabilitation protocol.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective, comparative series included 148 cases of shoulder stiffness. There were three treatment groups: T1: classic rehabilitation performed below the pain threshold (58 cases); T2: home program with provocation above the pain threshold (59 cases); T3: home program supervised by a physical therapist (31 cases). The execution, pain level and time spent doing each exercise were compiled for each work session - every day for the first 6 weeks, then every week up to 3 months. Clinical (Constant score) and range of motion evaluations were performed at enrollment, week 6 and month 3.Changes were compared between groups; correlation tests were used to analyse the effectiveness of each exercise during each session.
RESULTS: Other than physical therapy and balneotherapy, classic rehabilitation exercises had a negative effect on clinical progression during the first 3 to 5 weeks (P<0.05), but this did not hinder the occurrence of a slow, continuous clinical improvement (P<0.05). Home programs led to rapid functional progression with improvement directly related to the number of exercises actually performed (P<0.05), however, pain during the day increased and pain at night decreased. Supervision by a physical therapist helped to optimize the home program, with the same result at week 6, but a better result at month 3 (P<0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: Based on the results of this study, a new treatment protocol for shoulder stiffness was proposed that combines an intensive patient home program with a well-informed physical therapist, who progressively adds classic rehabilitation techniques when they provide the best treatment value for each exercise. Patient education is the key to treatment success.
P Gleyze; T Georges; P-H Flurin; E Laprelle; D Katz; P Clavert; C Charousset; C Lévigne;
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Multicenter Study     Date:  2011-10-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Orthopaedics & traumatology, surgery & research : OTSR     Volume:  97     ISSN:  1877-0568     ISO Abbreviation:  Orthop Traumatol Surg Res     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-23     Completed Date:  2012-03-27     Revised Date:  2013-10-31    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101494830     Medline TA:  Orthop Traumatol Surg Res     Country:  France    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  S182-94     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
Hôpital Albert-Schweitzer, 301, avenue d'Alsace, 68000 Colmar, France.
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MeSH Terms
Balneology / methods*
Exercise Therapy / methods*
Follow-Up Studies
Home Care Services / organization & administration*
Middle Aged
Prospective Studies
Shoulder Pain / rehabilitation*
Time Factors
Treatment Outcome
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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