Document Detail


Comparison of complications by technique used in cochlear implants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22425203     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
INTRODUCTION: Complications are a very sensitive indicator of the usefulness of a surgical technique. In cochlear implant surgery, there are 3 principal approaches: the classic approach uses the facial recess (FR), the suprameatal approach (SMA) does not require mastoidectomy and uses the creation of a tunnel over the facial nerve to enter the middle ear, and the endomeatal approach (EMA) is based on the completion of a groove in the posterior wall of external auditory canal. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A multicentre review of 208 patients with cochlear implants, comparing the different techniques. The complications were classified into major and minor. RESULTS: Among the 208 implanted patients, 10.5% (22 of 208) had complications. Of these, 2.88% (6 of 208) were major complications and 7.69% (16 of 208) were minor complications. Comparing the results obtained by the different approaches, the FR technique had the lowest rate of major complications (1.1%), followed by the EMA technique with 2.38% and SMA with 3.75%. As for minor complications, operations in the SMA group had the lowest rate (6.25%), followed by the EMA group (7.14%) and the group operated on using the FR technique presented the highest (10%). CONCLUSIONS: The 3 techniques described show very similar rates of complications. Consequently, we can conclude that they are safe and are alternatives.
Authors:
Mario E Zernotti; Alejo Suárez; Víctor Slavutsky; Luis Nicenboim; María Fernanda Di Gregorio; Juan Andrés Soto
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-3-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta otorrinolaringologica espanola     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1988-3013     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-3-19     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  14540260R     Medline TA:  Acta Otorrinolaringol Esp     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG; SPA     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier España, S.L. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Sanatorio Allende, Córdoba, Argentina.
Vernacular Title:
Comparación de complicaciones según la técnica utilizada en los implantes cocleares.
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