Document Detail


Comparison of chromosomal radiosensitivity of normal cells with and without HRS-like response and normal tissue reactions in patients with cervix cancer.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18464071     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: In our previous study, using the micronucleus (MN) assay, the low- and high-dose radiation response of fibroblasts and keratinocytes from cancer patients was assessed. We reported that a hyper-radiosensitivity (HRS)-like phenomenon was observed for fibroblasts of two and keratinocytes of four of the 40 patients studied. In this paper, we report the comparison of these in vitro results and normal tissue reactions in patients with cervix cancer and answer the question of the predictive value of the MN assay. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Of the 40 patients with cervix cancer whose cells were previously studied in vitro, 32 received radiotherapy. The treated group included two patients with HRS-like positive fibroblasts and four patients with HRS-like positive keratinocytes. In 26 patients both types of cells were HRS-like negative. The in vitro results (MN induction measured in patients' fibroblasts and keratinocytes after in vitrogamma-irradiation with doses ranging from 0.05-4 Gy) were compared with the maximum grade of acute and late reactions. RESULTS: Five of the six patients whose cells demonstrated low-dose chromosomal hypersensitivity in vitro, did not suffer from any mild or severe side effects after radiotherapy. Although individual variations in the grade scores of normal-tissue reactions were observed in cancer patients, no significant relationship was found between MN induction, either in fibroblasts or keratinocytes, and acute and late effects. CONCLUSION: Since the MN assay showed no predictive value, it is rather impossible that the severe late complication observed in one of the six HRS-like positive patients reflects her low-dose chromosomal hypersensitivity in vitro.
Authors:
Dorota Słonina; Beata Biesaga; Krzysztof Urbanski; Zbigniew Kojs
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of radiation biology     Volume:  84     ISSN:  0955-3002     ISO Abbreviation:  Int. J. Radiat. Biol.     Publication Date:  2008 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-05-08     Completed Date:  2008-07-03     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8809243     Medline TA:  Int J Radiat Biol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  421-8     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Affiliation:
Department of Applied Radiobiology, Centre of Oncology, Garncarska, Kraków, Poland. z5slonin@cyf-kr.edu.pl
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Cell Line
Cervix Uteri / metabolism*,  radiation effects*
Chromosome Aberrations / radiation effects
Chromosomes / radiation effects*
Dose Fractionation
Female
Fibroblasts / metabolism,  radiation effects*
Humans
Keratinocytes / metabolism,  radiation effects*
Micronucleus Tests / methods*
Models, Statistical
Radiation Tolerance*
Smoking
Time Factors
Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / metabolism*,  pathology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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