Document Detail


Comparison of catheter ablation using radiofrequency versus direct current energy: biophysical, electrophysiologic and pathologic observations.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1894854     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The effects of catheter ablation with radiofrequency versus direct current energy were compared in 18 dogs assigned to two groups (of 9 dogs each). Each dog underwent a single ablation at two sites in the left ventricle at energy levels of 100, 200 or 300 J delivered in unipolar configuration to six dogs each. A transient decrease in left ventricular systolic pressure (from 121.3 +/- 24.5 to 94.2 +/- 18.7 mm Hg, p less than 0.01) and wall motion abnormality were noted in dogs with direct current shock. The left ventricular ejection fraction decreased (from 50 +/- 2% to 34 +/- 3%, p less than 0.001) shortly after direct current ablation but improved 4 weeks later to 43 +/- 3%. There were no significant changes in left ventricular pressure, wall motion or ejection fraction in dogs in the radiofrequency ablation group. Sustained ventricular tachycardia (greater than or equal to 30 s) was seen immediately after direct current shock in all dogs, and one dog died of intractable ventricular fibrillation. A 24-h ambulatory electrocardiographic (ECG) monitor obtained immediately after the procedure showed multiple runs of ventricular tachycardia in all dogs exposed to direct current ablation but in only three dogs that underwent radiofrequency ablation. No differences were found in peak creatine kinase, complete blood count with smear and B-beta 15-42 fibrinopeptide levels. Pathologically, direct current-induced lesions were larger (mean length x width x depth 10.9 x 7.5 x 5.2 vs. 4.8 x 4.6 x 4.3 mm) and were poorly circumscribed with inhomogeneous margins of necrosis.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Authors:
S K Huang; A R Graham; M A Lee; M E Ring; G D Gorman; R Schiffman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American College of Cardiology     Volume:  18     ISSN:  0735-1097     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  1991 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-10-24     Completed Date:  1991-10-24     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8301365     Medline TA:  J Am Coll Cardiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1091-7     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Internal Medicine, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Worcester, Massachusetts.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Arrhythmias, Cardiac / surgery*
Dogs
Electrocardiography, Ambulatory
Electrocoagulation / adverse effects,  methods*
Heart Catheterization
Heart Conduction System / surgery*
Myocardium / pathology
Radio Waves*
Tachycardia / etiology
Ventricular Function, Left / physiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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