Document Detail


Comparison of body mass index and triceps skinfold at 5 years and young adult body mass index, waist circumference and blood pressure.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22085415     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Aim:  To examine which measure of obesity at 5 years, body mass index (BMI) or triceps skinfold thickness, is most strongly associated with 21-year risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD), including BMI, waist circumference (WC), systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP). Methods:  Longitudinal birth cohort study with BMI and triceps skinfold measurements at age 5, and BMI, WC and blood pressure at 21 years. Overweight and obesity at 5 years were determined according to Cole-International Obesity Task Force standards, at 21, by World Health Organization definitions. Triceps skinfold thickness measurements were converted to a z-score, and cut-offs for overweight and obesity were chosen to reflect similar proportions to the BMI subgroups. BMI, WC, SBP and DBP were also measured at 21 years. Results:  Five-year BMI and triceps skinfold thickness were both significantly associated with the CVD risk measures at 21 years. For overweight/obesity at 5 years, the adjusted odds ratio (95% confidence interval) for 21-year overweight/obesity was 5.6 (4.2, 7.4), for 21-year WC was 1.5 (1.2, 2.0). Mean difference (95% CI) in BMI was 4.4 (3.9, 5.0), in WC 8.3 cm (6.8, 9.8), in SBP 2.4 mm Hg (0.5, 4.3), in DBP 1.1 mm Hg (0.1, 2.2). For skinfold, the similar findings were odds ratio 2.6 (2.0, 3.4) and 1.2 (0.9, 1.6) for 21-year BMI and WC, and mean differences of 2.6 (2.0, 3.2), WC 4.8 cm (3.3, 6.3), SBP 2.3 mm Hg (0.5, 4.2) and DBP 0.7 mm Hg (-0.4, 1.8). Conclusions:  In children with overweight/obesity, BMI rather than triceps skinfold is the preferred epidemiological measure for identifying young adult CVD risk markers of BMI, WC and blood pressure.
Authors:
Karen Liddle; Michael O'Callaghan; Abdullah Mamun; Jake Najman; Gail Williams
Related Documents :
1764955 - Treatment with atenolol prevents progression of microalbuminuria in type i diabetic pat...
19751115 - Efficacy and tolerability of amlodipine/valsartan combination therapy in hypertensive p...
10503165 - Clinical comparison of selective and non-selective alpha 1a-adrenoceptor antagonists fo...
10599355 - Enalapril (10 mg/day) in systemic sclerosis. one year, double blind, randomised study (...
20877615 - Non-catheter simple noninvasive bladder draining method with no costs.
19872575 - The effect of low pressures on cell oxidation.
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-11-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of paediatrics and child health     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1440-1754     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9005421     Medline TA:  J Paediatr Child Health     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2011 The Authors. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health © 2011 Paediatrics and Child Health Division (Royal Australasian College of Physicians).
Affiliation:
Children's Developmental Service, Child, Youth and Family Health Child Development and Rehabilitation Services, Mater Children's Hospital School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Association of claw disorders with claw horn colour in Norwegian red cattle--a cross-sectional study...
Next Document:  End-of-life decision-making in Canada: the report by the Royal Society of Canada expert panel on end...