Document Detail

Comparison of blood pressure measurements on the bare arm, below a rolled-up sleeve, or over a sleeve.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14701900     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: This study examined the effect of measuring blood pressure below subjects' rolled-up sleeves, over the sleeve, or on the bare arm. This is an important day-to-day issue for the busy GP. METHODS: The sample consisted of 201 subjects in family practice clinics and residents of a senior citizens' home. A digital device was used in all cases. Each participant underwent three blood pressure measurements in each of the following conditions in random order: cuff on bare arm; cuff over the sleeve; and cuff below the rolled-up sleeve. Differences between measurements were plotted against the mean blood pressure. Confounding factors controlled for were age, sex, clothing pressure and skin-fold thickness. RESULTS: Differences in mean blood pressure readings between the clothed and bare arm were 0.5 mmHg (SD 7.5) for systolic pressure and 1 mmHg (SD 5) for diastolic pressure; neither difference was significant. However, in hypertensive subjects (>140 mmHg systolic), although the mean difference remained small (systolic pressure, 2 mmHg, SD 10), the range of difference for individual subjects was -32 mmHg to +22 mmHg. CONCLUSION: The degree of clothing under the sphygmomanometer cuff does not have a clinically important effect on the blood pressure measurement. In patients known or found to be hypertensive, measurement on the bare arm is recommended.
Ernesto Kahan; John Yaphe; Hadas Knaani-Levinz; Michael A Weingarten
Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Family practice     Volume:  20     ISSN:  0263-2136     ISO Abbreviation:  Fam Pract     Publication Date:  2003 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-12-31     Completed Date:  2004-04-13     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8500875     Medline TA:  Fam Pract     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  730-2     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Family Medicine, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Arazim 4/7, Kfar Saba 44456, Israel.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Analysis of Variance
Blood Pressure Determination / methods*
Family Practice
Middle Aged

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Who decides about prostate cancer treatment? A qualitative study.
Next Document:  Phylogenetic evidence for the early evolution of microcystin synthesis.