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Comparison between the radionuclide salivagram and videofluoroscopic swallowing study methods for evaluating patients with aspiration pneumonia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23283641     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVE: A videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) is generally used to assess dysphagia and aspiration, although false-negative results may be obtained. Saliva aspiration may cause false-negative VFSS findings in elderly people. A radionuclide salivagram can be useful in detecting saliva aspiration. We therefore compared these two methods for the evaluation of patients with aspiration pneumonia. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 50 patients with aspiration pneumonia into this study. All patients underwent VFSS, and were evaluated on the Penetration-Aspiration Scale. A salivagram was performed on the day after VFSS and each patient received 1 mL Tc-99 m DTPA sublingually. Both dynamic and delayed images were obtained. RESULTS: Aspiration was observed in 34 % of patients by salivagram and in 42 % by VFSS. The frequency of tests that were positive for aspiration pneumonia using a combination of the two methods was 52 %. Five patients with positive aspiration findings on salivagram were negative on VFSS. The association between VFSS and salivagram findings was significant but the total agreement was 72 %. The frequency of aspiration pneumonia was significantly associated with an abnormal salivagram finding. CONCLUSIONS: A salivagram may be a useful method for the evaluation of aspiration in elderly people, and a combination of the VFSS and salivagram methods could enable a more effective investigation of aspiration pneumonia.
Dae-Hyun Jang; Kyoung Hyo Choi; Dae Ha Kim; Chae-Man Lim; Jae Seung Kim
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-3
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of nuclear medicine     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1864-6433     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann Nucl Med     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8913398     Medline TA:  Ann Nucl Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Rehabilitation, Incheon St. Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea, Incheon, Korea.
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