Document Detail

Comparison between quantification methods of carotid artery stenosis and computed tomographic angiography.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20498548     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare 3 percentage carotid artery measurement methods (the North American Symptomatic Carotid Endarterectomy Trial [NASCET], the European Carotid Surgery Trial [ECST], and the Carotid Stenosis Index [CSI]) and 1 millimeter method (direct millimeter measurement) to evaluate the difference and correlation between them. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seven hundred ninety-two patients (591 men; age: mean, 63 years; range, 32-91 years) studied by using a multi-detector row computed tomographic scanner for a total of 1584 carotid arteries were retrospectively analyzed. Each carotid stenosis was measured according to 4 measurement methods (the NASCET, the ECST, the CSI, and the direct millimeter measurement). Carotid arteries with near-occlusion condition were excluded. The Kolmogorov-Smirnov Z test was used to test the normality of continuous variable groups. Comparison of derived ratio-percent methods was performed by using the Bland-Altman plots, and receiver operating characteristic curves were calculated. Correlation coefficients were also calculated by using a nonparametric Spearman correlation. A P < 0.05 was considered to mean statistical significance. RESULTS: Four hundred sixteen carotid arteries were excluded, and in the remaining 1168 ones, a strength correlation according to quadratic regression between the NASCET and ECST methods was observed (Spearman rho coefficient, 0.948; P < 0.0001). An inverse correlation according to linear regression was observed between the NASCET and the direct millimeter measurement (Spearman rho coefficient, -0.972; P < 0.0001); the CSI shows a quadratic regression with the NASCET, a linear regression with the ECST, and an inverse linear regression with the direct millimeter measurement (Spearman rho coefficient, 0.946, 0.932, and -0.939 respectively). The cutoff values for 50% and 70% NASCET stenosis were 2.36 and 1.51, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Our study results indicate that the direct millimeter measurement of stenosis, by using appropriate equations, can reliably predict NASCET-, ECST-, and CSI-type percent stenoses. The use of direct millimeter measurement may remove the pitfalls and the discrepancies deriving from the use of different ratio-percent methods.
Luca Saba; Giorgio Mallarini
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of computer assisted tomography     Volume:  34     ISSN:  1532-3145     ISO Abbreviation:  J Comput Assist Tomogr     Publication Date:    2010 May-Jun
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-05-25     Completed Date:  2010-06-10     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7703942     Medline TA:  J Comput Assist Tomogr     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  421-30     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Radiology, Policlinico Universitario, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Carotid Stenosis / pathology*,  radiography*
Middle Aged
Retrospective Studies
Statistics as Topic
Tomography, X-Ray Computed* / methods

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