Document Detail


Comparison between nocturnal nasal positive pressure ventilation combined with oxygen therapy and oxygen monotherapy in patients with severe COPD.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8756806     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We evaluated the benefits of O2 therapy and nocturnal nasal positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) with or without O2 in patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Twelve patients with severe COPD and nocturnal oxygen desaturation, who had not been receiving long-term O2 therapy and who could tolerate more than 2 wk of NPPV therapy, were enrolled in this study in a stable condition. Data on pulmonary function tests (PFTS), arterial blood gases (ABG), right and left ventricular ejection fractions (RVEF and LVEF) from nuclear medicine studies, and overnight sleep studies were collected at the beginning of the study and after each 2 wk of therapy with O2, NPPV, or NPPV with O2. Patients received O2 monotherapy or NPPV for sequential 2-wk periods in a randomized, cross-over design, followed by 2 wk of NPPV with O2. Hypoxic and hypercapnic ventilatory responses (HVR) in the study group, as measured by mouth occlusion pressure in the first 100 ms of inspiration against an occluded airway (P0.1), were compared with normal controls and repeated after 2 wk of therapy with NPPV with O2. The results revealed no significant changes in the percent of each sleep stage regardless of the treatment modality. However, sleep efficiency was poorer when NPPV was used than when it was not used. NPPV alone did not improve nocturnal oxygenation when compared with the baseline sleep study. Oxygen monotherapy was better than NPPV therapy for improving nocturnal oxygenation. NPPV plus O2 therapy showed no benefits over O2 monotherapy in either RVEF or LVEF, ABG, or HVR. In conclusion, for severe COPD patients, O2 therapy is more effective than NPPV for improving nocturnal oxygenation.
Authors:
C C Lin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine     Volume:  154     ISSN:  1073-449X     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med.     Publication Date:  1996 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-10-24     Completed Date:  1996-10-24     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9421642     Medline TA:  Am J Respir Crit Care Med     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  353-8     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Chest Division, Mackay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged
Cross-Over Studies
Female
Heart / radionuclide imaging
Humans
Lung Diseases, Obstructive / physiopathology,  therapy*
Male
Oxygen / blood
Oxygen Inhalation Therapy*
Polysomnography
Positive-Pressure Respiration / methods*
Respiratory Function Tests
Sleep / physiology
Stroke Volume / physiology
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
7782-44-7/Oxygen

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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