Document Detail

Comparison between near retinoscopy and cycloplegic retinoscopy in the refraction of infants and children.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1513557     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We investigated the validity of replacing cycloplegic retinoscopy with a noncycloplegic, "near" retinoscopy technique. We refracted a group of 31 infants (less than 2 years) and 43 children (greater than 2 years) with both techniques, grading our level of confidence in the result. Near retinoscopy gave on average a less hypermetropic result than cycloplegic retinoscopy by 0.39 D. The difference was significant in infants and for low levels of examiner confidence. However, a repeatability study showed that much of the variability in the infant group could be attributed to the poor repeatability of either retinoscopy technique. Agreement between the two techniques is improved by changing the suggested adjustment factor from 1.25 to 1.00 D for children and to 0.75 D for infants.
K J Saunders; C A Westall
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Optometry and vision science : official publication of the American Academy of Optometry     Volume:  69     ISSN:  1040-5488     ISO Abbreviation:  Optom Vis Sci     Publication Date:  1992 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-10-01     Completed Date:  1992-10-01     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8904931     Medline TA:  Optom Vis Sci     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  615-22     Citation Subset:  IM    
University of Wales, Department of Optometry, College of Cardiff.
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MeSH Terms
Child, Preschool
Cyclopentolate / administration & dosage
Pupil / drug effects*
Refraction, Ocular*
Refractive Errors / diagnosis
Reproducibility of Results
Vision Tests / instrumentation*
Reg. No./Substance:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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