Document Detail

Comparison between color duplex ultrasonography and histology of the temporal artery in cranial arteritis (giant cell arteritis).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12578748     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Duplex sonography of the temporal artery may be helpful in the diagnosis of cranial arteritis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The superficial temporal arteries of 36 patients with cranial arteritis or suspected arteritis were examined using both duplex ultrasonography (US) and biopsy. The data of these patients were divided into two groups. Group A consisted of 24 patients (66.7%) with definite positive results using duplex (US) and Group B of 12 patients (33.3%) who showed a suspicious or negative ultrasonographic result. RESULT: In all patients of Group A, the histological findings corresponded with the ultrasonographic changes in the inflamed artery. - The characteristic ultrasonographic sign was a dark halo around the lumen of the temporal arteries. There was a high correlation between a bilateral halo found by US with an ocular involvement. Ten out of 14 patients with a bilateral halo (71.4%) showed a distinct involvement of the optic nerve or retina. - The characteristic histological signs were infiltration of the vessel wall by inflammatory cells, mainly lymphocytes. Group B: The biopsies of the superficial temporal arteries were positive in 8 patients (66.7 %), negative in 4 other patients (33.3%). CONCLUSION: Patients with a distinct halo, demonstrated by US, also showed corresponding pronounced inflammatory cell infiltration of the vessel wall. Patients with no ultrasonographic changes presented histological signs of initial inflammation such as isolated inflammatory cells around the vasa vasorum and/or in the adventitial layer.
Dieter Schmidt; A Hetzel; M Reinhard; C Auw-Haedrich
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of medical research     Volume:  8     ISSN:  0949-2321     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. J. Med. Res.     Publication Date:  2003 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-02-11     Completed Date:  2003-11-12     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9517857     Medline TA:  Eur J Med Res     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Univ.-Augenklinik, Killianstr. 5, D-79106 Freiburg, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Giant Cell Arteritis / pathology*,  ultrasonography*
Middle Aged
Optic Neuropathy, Ischemic / pathology,  ultrasonography
Temporal Arteries / pathology*,  ultrasonography*
Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color
Ultrasonography, Doppler, Duplex*
Comment In:
Eur J Med Res. 2003 Feb 21;8(2):91   [PMID:  12635635 ]

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