Document Detail


Comparison of behavioural and natural play interventions for young children with autism.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15358873     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The article reports the results of a pilot study comparing traditional behavioural approaches and natural play interventions for young children with autism over a 10 week period. Two matched groups of eight young children with autism participated. Using a crossover design, children in both groups showed positive gains in compliance, attending, play and communication with their therapists and parents. Improvements in attending and compliance were higher following the behavioural condition compared with the natural play condition. Seven participants had reduced autism scores after the intervention. The findings suggest that behavioural and play approaches affect behaviour in different ways and that autistic symptomatology of young children may be amenable to treatment. The discussion focuses on the active ingredients of treatments and the need to base efficacy research on well-planned treatment comparisons.
Authors:
Vera Bernard-Opitz; Siow Ing; Tan Yew Kong
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Autism : the international journal of research and practice     Volume:  8     ISSN:  1362-3613     ISO Abbreviation:  Autism     Publication Date:  2004 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-09-10     Completed Date:  2004-12-02     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9713494     Medline TA:  Autism     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  319-33     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
National University of Singapore, Singapore. verabernard@cox.net
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Autistic Disorder / complications*
Behavior Therapy / methods*
Child
Child Behavior Disorders / etiology*,  therapy*
Cross-Over Studies
Feedback
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Male
Patient Compliance / statistics & numerical data
Play Therapy / methods*
Reproducibility of Results

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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