Document Detail

Comparison of anterolateral thigh, lateral arm, and parascapular free flaps with regard to donor-site morbidity and aesthetic and functional outcomes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23357991     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare the morbidity and the aesthetic and functional outcomes of primarily closed donor sites of three commonly used free flaps.
METHODS: Sixty patients who had undergone free flap reconstruction (20 anterolateral thigh, 20 parascapular, and 20 lateral arm flaps) were included in this study. The average follow-up time was 50 months (range, 6 to 135 months). Patients assessed subjective donor-site morbidity and satisfaction with the aesthetic and overall functional result using a self-report questionnaire. Outcome measures were the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand questionnaire; the Lower Extremity Functional Scale; and the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey questionnaire.
RESULTS: No significant differences in range of motion or in questionnaire, scale, or survey scores were detected. Sensory disorders were present in 100 percent (lateral arm), 90 percent (anterolateral thigh), and 45 percent (parascapular). No correlation to flap size was detected (187 cm for parascapular and anterolateral thigh, and 70 cm for lateral arm flaps). Postoperative complications were seromas (parascapular, n = 2), hematomas (parascapular, n = 1; lateral arm, n = 2), and dehiscence (n = 4 for each flap). Patient satisfaction with the donor site was rated 2.9 for lateral arm and anterolateral thigh flaps and 2.5 for parascapular flaps (1 = excellent, 6 = poor). Seventy percent of anterolateral thigh, 85 percent of lateral arm, and 100 percent of parascapular flap patients would choose their flap again.
CONCLUSION: In terms of reducing donor-site morbidity, the parascapular flap represents a valuable alternative to the anterolateral thigh and lateral arm flaps, but side positioning and increased seroma are drawbacks.
Marek Klinkenberg; Sebastian Fischer; Thomas Kremer; Frederick Hernekamp; Marcus Lehnhardt; Adrien Daigeler
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Plastic and reconstructive surgery     Volume:  131     ISSN:  1529-4242     ISO Abbreviation:  Plast. Reconstr. Surg.     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-29     Completed Date:  2013-04-01     Revised Date:  2014-10-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1306050     Medline TA:  Plast Reconstr Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  293-302     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Arm / surgery*
Back / surgery*
Free Tissue Flaps*
Middle Aged
Postoperative Complications / epidemiology*
Retrospective Studies
Thigh / surgery*
Transplant Donor Site*
Treatment Outcome
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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