Document Detail


Comparison of amino acid digestibility determined prececally or based on total excretion of cecectomized laying hens.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18931182     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study investigated the possibility of using cecectomized laying hens for the determination of amino acid (AA) digestibility of protein sources as an alternative to measurements made at the terminal ileum. Toasted soybeans and corn gluten meal were used as test protein sources. A low-protein basal diet was based mainly on corn, wheat gluten, and cornstarch. In 4 other diets toasted soybeans or corn gluten meal were included each at 15% or 30% at the expense of cornstarch, so that the changes in the AA concentrations of the diets resulted from the protein sources only. Titanium dioxide was used as the indigestible marker. In experiment 1, two hundred ten 18-wk-old pullets were used. Digesta from the posterior 2-thirds of the intestine between Meckel's diverticulum and 2 cm anterior to the ileo-ceca-colonic junction was obtained from killed hens. In experiment 2, fourteen cecectomized hens were used. They were kept individually, and excreta were quantitatively collected. The apparent digestibility of AA was calculated for each diet. Linear regression analysis was used to calculate AA digestibility for the 2 protein sources. Across all diets, apparent AA digestibility was significantly higher in experiment 2 than in experiment 1. However, AA digestibilities of the 2 protein sources were not different between both experiments. Differences in AA digestibility between the protein sources were not significant in experiment 1, but in experiment 2 significant differences between the protein sources were detected for some AA due to a lower standard error of estimate. It was concluded that AA digestibility of protein sources for laying hens can be evaluated based on quantitative excreta collection with cecectomized hens using the regression approach. This needs fewer animals than the determination of digestibility at the terminal ileum. Differences between protein sources are easier to detect because of the lower standard error of estimate.
Authors:
M Rezvani; H Kluth; M Rodehutscord
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Poultry science     Volume:  87     ISSN:  0032-5791     ISO Abbreviation:  Poult. Sci.     Publication Date:  2008 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-10-20     Completed Date:  2008-12-31     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401150     Medline TA:  Poult Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2311-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Institut für Agrar- und Ernährungswissenschaften, Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg, 06099 Halle (Saale), Germany. te-halle@landw.uni-halle.de
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Amino Acids / metabolism*
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Animals
Cecum / surgery*
Chickens
Dietary Proteins / metabolism*
Digestion / physiology*
Energy Intake
Female
Gastrointestinal Contents / chemistry*
Glutens
Ileum / anatomy & histology
Intestines / physiology*
Nutritive Value
Oviposition
Soybeans
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Amino Acids; 0/Dietary Proteins; 8002-80-0/Glutens

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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