Document Detail

Comparison of active motor items in infants born preterm and infants born full term.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16912640     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: The study was designed to compare active motor items at term age of infants born very preterm, very low birth weight (VPT-VLBW) and without impairments with infants born full-term (FT) and healthy and to evaluate a method of assessment using video recordings and computer software. METHOD: Video recordings of head lag and head righting on pull to sit, head control in sitting, and hip flexion in prone were obtained at term age for 29 infants born VPT-VLBW and 22 infants born FT. Motor items were analyzed using digitizing computer software. RESULTS: Infants born VPT-VLBW had less head lag on pull to sit than infants born FT, p = 0.005. No other differences were found for the remaining motor items. The method of assessment demonstrated high intrarater reliability (intraclass coefficient correlation (3,1) = 0.77-0.997). CONCLUSIONS: Infants born VPT-VLBW who are at "low risk" performed at term age similarly to healthy infants born FT on four active motor items. The reliability of the measurement method supports the method's further development.
Emma C Cameron; Valerie Maehle
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatric physical therapy : the official publication of the Section on Pediatrics of the American Physical Therapy Association     Volume:  18     ISSN:  0898-5669     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatr Phys Ther     Publication Date:  2006  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-08-16     Completed Date:  2006-11-30     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8912748     Medline TA:  Pediatr Phys Ther     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  197-203     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Physiotherapy, School of Health Services, Robert Gordon University.
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MeSH Terms
Child Development / physiology*
Gestational Age
Infant, Newborn / physiology*
Infant, Premature / physiology*
Infant, Very Low Birth Weight / physiology*
Motor Activity / physiology
Motor Skills / physiology
Musculoskeletal Manipulations
Neurologic Examination
Physical Therapy Modalities
Psychomotor Performance / physiology*
Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
Time Factors
Treatment Outcome

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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