Document Detail


A comparison of trauma profiles among individuals with prescription opioid, nicotine, or cocaine dependence.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23414497     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Exposure to traumatic events is common among individuals with substance use disorders. Little is known, however, about the trauma histories among individuals with various types of addiction.
METHODS: The present study compared the trauma histories (general, sexual, physical and emotional) of non-treatment seeking outpatients dependent on prescription opioids (n = 41), nicotine (n = 87) or cocaine (n = 73). The Life Stressor Checklist-Revised (LSC-R) was completed by participants to assess childhood and adult trauma.
RESULTS: The findings revealed that all three groups endorsed high levels of trauma exposure, with 96.5% of the entire sample experiencing at least one traumatic event in their lifetime. The prescription opiate group experienced a greater number of general and total traumas than the nicotine group. However, no group differences in the number of emotional, physical, or sexual traumas were revealed. The prescription opiate group reported a younger age of first traumatic event than the cocaine group, and was significantly more likely to report childhood traumatic events than both the cocaine and nicotine groups.
CONCLUSIONS AND SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: The findings provide clinically relevant information that may help improve screening, interventions, and preventative efforts.
Authors:
Katie M Lawson; Sudie E Back; Karen J Hartwell; Megan Moran-Santa Maria; Kathleen T Brady
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal on addictions / American Academy of Psychiatrists in Alcoholism and Addictions     Volume:  22     ISSN:  1521-0391     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Addict     Publication Date:    2013 Mar-Apr
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-02-18     Completed Date:  2013-12-16     Revised Date:  2014-03-06    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9208821     Medline TA:  Am J Addict     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  127-31     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © American Academy of Addiction Psychiatry.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Cocaine-Related Disorders / complications,  psychology*
Female
Humans
Life Change Events*
Male
Opioid-Related Disorders / complications,  psychology*
Prescription Drugs / adverse effects*
Sex Offenses / psychology
Stress, Psychological / complications,  psychology
Tobacco Use Disorder / complications,  psychology*
Wounds and Injuries / psychology*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
5 K12 HD055885‐02/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; K12 HD055885/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; K23 DA021228/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; K23 DA021228/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; K24 DA000435/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; K24 DA00435/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; R33 DA036085‐03/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; UL1 RR029882/RR/NCRR NIH HHS; UL1 RR029882/RR/NCRR NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Prescription Drugs
Comments/Corrections

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