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Comparison of Three Phytochrome-mediated Processes in the Hypocotyl of Mustard.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16659765     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Anthocyanin synthesis, hair formation, and the synthesis of ascorbic acid oxidase are all phytochrome-mediated reactions occurring in the hypocotyl of mustard (Sinapis alba L.), controlled by phytochrome actually located in the hypocotyl. A comparison of these three reactions showed that in certain respects they differ greatly in their response to light. The ability of the seedling to respond to light by showing the three responses was strongly influenced by the state of development of the seedling. White light given very early after seed imbibition was unable to evoke any of the three reactions. By 50 hours after imbibition, all systems were fully inducible by light. The addition of actinomycin D to a fully competent seedling coincident with illumination strongly inhibited the development of all three responses. In contrast, the addition of cordycepin at this time inhibited the synthesis of anthocyanin and ascorbic acid oxidase but had no effect on hair formation. Cycloheximide inhibited all three responses when given up to several hours after light. This suggests the necessity for RNA and protein synthesis for light-induced expression of these reactions, and that the RNA species involved in the three reactions may have differing degrees of polyadenylation. The lag period between the onset of light and the first display of the response was 3 hours for anthocyanin and ascorbic acid oxidase synthesis, and about 5 hours for hair formation. Amounts of light sufficient to give large increases in the levels of ascorbic acid oxidase and hair formation gave a much smaller increase in anthocyanin synthesis. Hair formation and ascorbic acid oxidase synthesis showed a much greater sensitivity to induction at early stages of seedling development than did anthocyanin synthesis. Following an inductive light period, anthocyanin synthesis was sensitive to far red light inhibition for a period twice as long as the other two reactions. The differences in the response of the three reactions to light suggest that the phytochrome-mediated reactions which control their development also differ.
A M Kinnersley; P J Davies
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Plant physiology     Volume:  58     ISSN:  0032-0889     ISO Abbreviation:  Plant Physiol.     Publication Date:  1976 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-06-29     Completed Date:  2010-06-29     Revised Date:  2010-09-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401224     Medline TA:  Plant Physiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  777-82     Citation Subset:  -    
Section of Genetics, Development and Physiology, Division of Biological Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853.
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