Document Detail


Comparison of sequential and helical scanning for radiation dose and image quality: results of the Prospective Multicenter Study on Radiation Dose Estimates of Cardiac CT Angiography (PROTECTION) I Study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20489088     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: Concerns have been raised about the radiation exposure of coronary CT angiography (CTA). Recently, a prospective ECG-triggered sequential coronary CTA technique was developed to reduce exposure to ionizing radiation. The purpose of this analysis was to determine the impact of a sequential scanning technique on image quality and radiation dose in a prespecified subgroup analysis of the Prospective Multicenter Study on Radiation Dose Estimates of Cardiac CT Angiography I (PROTECTION I) Study when compared with a standard helical scanning technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This analysis comprises 685 64-MDCT coronary angiography studies of 47 international study sites in which the image quality was assessed by an experienced coronary CTA investigator using a 4-point score (1 = nondiagnostic, 4 = excellent image quality). Image quality was analyzed in all patients studied with the sequential scanning mode (n = 99) and in randomly selected patients of the population studied with the helical acquisition mode (n = 586). Radiation dose estimates were derived from the dose-length product (DLP) and a conversion coefficient for the chest (0.014 mSv x mGy(-1) x cm(-1)). RESULTS: Although the sequential scanning mode significantly reduced radiation dose estimates by 68% from 11.2 mSv for the helical mode to 3.6 mSv for the sequential mode (p < 0.001), the median diagnostic image quality scores were comparable in both groups. The median diagnostic score for both scanning modes was 3.5 (interquartile range: sequential vs helical mode, 3.25-3.75 vs 3.0-3.75, respectively; p = 0.62). CONCLUSION: The results of the PROTECTION I Study suggest that the prospective ECG-triggered sequential coronary CTA technique significantly reduces radiation dose without impairing image quality when compared with the standard retrospective helical data acquisition in patients with a low and stable heart rate.
Authors:
Bernhard Bischoff; Franziska Hein; Tanja Meyer; Markus Krebs; Martin Hadamitzky; Stefan Martinoff; Albert Sch?mig; J?rg Hausleiter
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  AJR. American journal of roentgenology     Volume:  194     ISSN:  1546-3141     ISO Abbreviation:  AJR Am J Roentgenol     Publication Date:  2010 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-05-21     Completed Date:  2010-06-10     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7708173     Medline TA:  AJR Am J Roentgenol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1495-9     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Klinik f?r Herz und Kreislauferkrankungen, Deutsches Herzzentrum Munchen, Munich, Bavaria 80636, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Chi-Square Distribution
Coronary Angiography / methods*
Coronary Disease / radiography*
Electrocardiography
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Prospective Studies
Radiation Dosage
Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted
Statistics, Nonparametric
Tomography, Spiral Computed
Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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