Document Detail


Comparison of Sampler Filling Times Among Selected Arterial Blood Samplers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25492960     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: True arterial blood samples are essential in making clinical decisions for respiratory patients. Previous studies using only the Portex Pro-Vent arterial sampler have shown a significant difference between arterial and venous filling times. The goal of this study was to determine whether there is a statistically significant difference between sampler filling times measured at a normal mean arterial pressure among multiple arterial samplers with plungers and to determine whether there is a statistically significant difference in filling times between venous and normal mean arterial pressures for a sampler without a plunger.
METHODS: We assembled an extracorporeal laboratory model to circulate a synthetic compound composed of 0.9% sodium chloride solution and Life/form artificial blood, and we used hemostats to create pressures within the circuit. We randomly selected samplers and measured the filling times of 4 arterial samplers with plungers at a normal mean arterial pressure (93 ± 1 mm Hg). We also measured the filling time of one arterial sampler without a plunger at a normal mean arterial pressure and at a simulated venous pressure (9 ± 2 mm Hg). We used the Kruskal-Wallis one-way analysis of variance to compare arterial filling times in samplers, and we used a t test for independent samples to compare venous and arterial filling times in the sampler without a plunger.
RESULTS: There was a statistically significant difference between sampler filling times among the 4 arterial samplers with a plunger (P < .001). There was a statistically significant difference between arterial and venous pressure filling times for the sampler without a plunger (P < .001).
CONCLUSIONS: Although there was a statistically significant difference between arterial filling times among various samplers with plungers, the difference was < 1 s and was not deemed clinically important. Regardless of the sampler brand being used, respiratory therapists and other clinicians performing arterial punctures can use sampler filling time to identify a successful arterial puncture while drawing blood.
Authors:
Christine N McMillen; Stephen Adu-Yeboah; Elisabeth Kagarise; Rebecca L Morton; Basak Yuce; F Herbert Douce
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-12-9
Journal Detail:
Title:  Respiratory care     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1943-3654     ISO Abbreviation:  Respir Care     Publication Date:  2014 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-12-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-12-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7510357     Medline TA:  Respir Care     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 by Daedalus Enterprises Inc.
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