Document Detail

Comparison of Pulmonary Gas Exchange According to Intraoperative Ventilation Modes for Mitral Valve Repair Surgery via Thoracotomy with One-Lung Ventilation: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24480179     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVE: Impaired pulmonary gas exchange after cardiac surgeries with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) often occurs, and the selection of mechanical ventilation mode, pressure-controlled ventilation (PCV) or volume-controlled ventilation (VCV), may be important for preventing hypoxia and improving oxygenation. The authors hypothesized that patients with PCV would show better oxygenation, compared with VCV, during one-lung ventilation (OLV) for mitral valve repair surgery (MVP) via thoracotomy.
DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial.
SETTING: University teaching hospital.
PARTICIPANTS: Sixty patients in each group.
INTERVENTIONS: MVP was performed using thoracotomy with OLV by PCV or VCV.
MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2) and fraction of inspired oxygen (FIO2) were measured before anesthesia induction (T0), at skin incision (T1), after administration of heparin (T2), at 30 minutes after CPB weaning (T3), just before departure from the operating room to the intensive care unit (ICU) (T4), and 1 hour after ICU admission (T5), and PaO2/FIO2 ratio was calculated. Peak inspiratory pressure (PIP) and mean inspiratory pressure (Pmean) were recorded at T1, T2, T3, and T4. No significant difference was noted in the PaO2/FIO2 ratio between the groups at any measured point. PIP in the PCV group at all measured points was lower than that in the VCV group (T1, p<0.001; T2, p<0.001; T3, p<0.001; T4, p = 0.025, respectively). Pmean was not different between the two groups at any measured point.
CONCLUSIONS: PCV during OLV in patients undergoing MVP via a thoracotomy with OLV showed lower PIP compared with VCV, but this did not improve pulmonary gas exchange.
Woon-Seok Kang; Seong-Hyop Kim; Jin Woo Chung
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-1-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of cardiothoracic and vascular anesthesia     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-8422     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Cardiothorac. Vasc. Anesth.     Publication Date:  2014 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-1-31     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9110208     Medline TA:  J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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