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Comparison of Metabolic and Biomechanic Responses to Active vs. Passive Warm-up Procedures before Physical Exercise.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20733525     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Brunner-Ziegler, S, Strasser, B, and Haber, P. Comparison of metabolic and biomechanic responses to active vs. passive warm-up procedures before physical exercise. J Strength Cond Res 25(4): 909-914, 2011-Active warm-up before physical exercise is a widely accepted practice to enhance physical performance, whereas data on modalities to passively raise tissue temperature are rare. The study compared the effect of active vs. passive warm-up procedures before exercise on energy supply and muscle strength performance. Twenty young, male volunteers performed 3 spiroergometer-test series without prior warm-up and after either an active or passive warm-up procedure. Oxygen uptake (&OV0312;O2), heart rate (HR), pH value, and lactate were determined at 80% of individual &OV0312;O2max values and during recovery. Comparing no prior warm-up with passive warm-up, pH values were lower at the fourth test minute (p < 0.004), and lactate values were higher at the sixth and third minutes of recovery (p < 0.01 and p < 0.010, respectively), after no prior warm-up. Comparing active with passive warm-up, HR was lower, and &OV0312;o2 values were higher at the fourth and sixth test minutes (p < 0.033 and p < 0.011, respectively, and p < 0.015 and p < 0.022, respectively) after active warm-up. Differentiation between active and passive warm-up was more pronounced than between either warm-up or no warm-up. Conditions that may promote improved performance were more present after active vs. passive warm-up. Thus, athletes may reach the metabolic steady state faster after active warm-up.
Authors:
Sophie Brunner-Ziegler; Barbara Strasser; Paul Haber
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of strength and conditioning research / National Strength & Conditioning Association     Volume:  25     ISSN:  1533-4287     ISO Abbreviation:  J Strength Cond Res     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-03-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9415084     Medline TA:  J Strength Cond Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  909-14     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
1Division of Angiology, Clinic for Internal Medicine II, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria; 2Division of Sports Medicine, Clinic for Internal Medicine IV, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna; and 3Institute for Sports Medicine, Alpine Medicine and Health Tourism, University for Health Sciences, Medicine, and Technology, Hall IT, Austria.
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