Document Detail

Comparison of Hyperemic Efficacy Between Central and Peripheral Venous Adenosine Infusion for Fractional Flow Reserve Measurement.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22647519     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Maximal hyperemia is a prerequisite for the accurate measurement of fractional flow reserve (FFR). Although continuous infusion of adenosine via the femoral vein is considered to be the gold standard, this requires an additional invasive procedure for femoral vein access and is difficult to use during transradial coronary catheterization. We performed this prospective study to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of peripheral intravenous infusion of adenosine for FFR measurement. METHODS AND RESULTS: Seventy-one patients were prospectively enrolled, and FFR was measured using a 0.014-inch coronary pressure wire. Hyperemic efficacy of adenosine was compared among intracoronary bolus injection and continuous IV infusion (140 μg/min/kg) via the femoral and via the forearm vein. In 20 patients, hyperemic mean transit time and index of microcirculatory resistance were also measured. Mean FFR after bolus administration of adenosine was 0.81±0.10. As compared with femoral vein infusion (FFR: 0.80±0.10), hyperemic efficacy of forearm vein infusion of adenosine (FFR: 0.80±0.11) was not inferior (P for noninferiority=0.01). The number of functionally significant stenoses (FFR <0.75) was also not different between the 2 methods (femoral vein versus forearm vein; 17 (25.0%) versus 17 (25.0%), P=1.0). Both hyperemic mean transit time and index of microcirculatory resistance were not different between the 2 routes of adenosine infusion. Additional bolus injection of adenosine during IV infusion did not improve the hyperemic efficacy but increased the risk of atrioventricular block. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that continuous intravenous infusion of adenosine via the forearm vein is a convenient and effective way to induce steady-state hyperemia for invasive physiological measurements. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: Unique identifier: NCT01070420.
Myung-Ki Seo; Bon-Kwon Koo; Ji-Hyun Kim; Dong-Ho Shin; Han-Mo Yang; Kyung-Woo Park; Hae-Young Lee; Hyun-Jae Kang; Hyo-Soo Kim; Byung-Hee Oh; Young-Bae Park
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-5-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Circulation. Cardiovascular interventions     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1941-7632     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-5-31     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101499602     Medline TA:  Circ Cardiovasc Interv     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Internal Medicine and Cardiovascular Center, Seoul National University Hospital, Dongguk University Ilsan Hospital, Severance Hospital, Republic of Korea.
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