Document Detail


Comparison of FEV1 and specific airway conductance in assessing airway response to occupational agents.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14616100     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: There is theoretical evidence that specific airway conductance (SGaw) could be more reliable than forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) for assessing changes in airway calibre. We investigated the changes in FEV1 and SGaw when assessing bronchial responses to occupational agents. METHODS: SGaw and FEV1 were measured during inhalation challenges with various occupational agents in 174 consecutive subjects investigated for possible occupational asthma. RESULTS: A decline in SGaw of 50% or greater was documented in 77 of 90 subjects (86%) who showed a >/=20% fall in FEV1 and in 11 of 84 subjects (13%) who failed to demonstrate such a fall in FEV1. Among subjects who developed a >/=20% fall in FEV1, those who failed to develop a >/=50% decline in SGaw had a lower baseline SGaw than those who did. Among the group without a >/=20% fall in FEV1, a >/=50% decrease in SGaw was associated with either an 'intermediate' fall in FEV1 (between 15 and 17% from baseline value) (n = 4), a significant postchallenge increase in nonspecific bronchial hyper-responsiveness to histamine (n = 2), or both features (n = 3). CONCLUSIONS: A decline in SGaw of 50% or greater may provide useful complementary evidence of a bronchial response during challenges that produce equivocal results in FEV1.
Authors:
A Larbanois; J-P Delwiche; J Jamart; O Vandenplas
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Allergy     Volume:  58     ISSN:  0105-4538     ISO Abbreviation:  Allergy     Publication Date:  2003 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-11-17     Completed Date:  2004-04-14     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7804028     Medline TA:  Allergy     Country:  Denmark    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1256-60     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Service de Pneumologie, Cliniques Universitaires de Mont-Godinne, Université Catholique de Louvain, Yvoir, Belgium.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Asthma / etiology*,  physiopathology
Bronchi / physiology
Bronchial Provocation Tests / methods*
Female
Forced Expiratory Volume / drug effects*
Functional Residual Capacity / drug effects*
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Occupational Diseases / etiology*
Occupational Exposure / adverse effects*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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