Document Detail

Comparison of the effects of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and ileal transposition surgeries on food intake, body weight, and circulating peptide YY concentrations in rats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20386999     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery is one of the most effective treatments for obesity producing long-term weight loss. The anorexia and weight loss from RYGB could be due to gastric restriction, malabsorption, enhanced lower gut stimulation, increased energy expenditure, and/or other metabolic adaptations. In ileal transposition (IT) surgery, a segment of the ileum is transposed to the upper jejunum with no gastric restriction or malabsorption. Our objective is to compare the effects of RYGB and IT surgeries on food intake, body weight, and plasma concentrations of the anorexigenic lower gut hormone Peptide YY (PYY) in rats.
METHODS: Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to either RYGB (n = 9), IT (n = 9) or sham surgeries (n = 16). A subset of sham animals were either pair-fed to RYGB (n = 9) or ad lib fed (n = 7) on a highly palatable mixed nutrient liquid food (Ensure). Food intake, body weight and plasma PYY concentrations were measured.
RESULTS: The data demonstrate that (1) RYGB produces a sustained reduction in food intake and weight gain, (2) the anorexic effects of IT are relatively transient lasting for 5 weeks, (3) the reduction in weight gain resulting from IT is similar to that of animals pair-fed to RYGB, and (4) RYGB and IT surgeries are associated with elevated postprandial plasma PYY concentrations.
CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrate in our rat models that RYGB surgery produces a greater reduction in food intake and weight gain than IT surgery, and that both surgeries are associated with enhanced plasma concentrations of Peptide YY.
Prasanth K Chelikani; Imran H Shah; Esmaeel Taqi; David L Sigalet; Henry H Koopmans
Related Documents :
15276809 - Influence of pellet size on rat's hoarding behavior.
19850009 - Comparison of the anorexigenic activity of crf family peptides.
18631369 - Bacterial infection changes the elemental composition of daphnia magna.
14567149 - Obesity: food intake.
8185849 - Neonatal infraorbital nerve damage and the development of eating behavior in the rat.
15561489 - Histidine supplementation suppresses food intake and fat accumulation in rats.
21243479 - Neurobiology driving hyperactivity in activity-based anorexia.
24269009 - Prevalence and composition of marine debris in brown booby (sula leucogaster) nests at ...
12963949 - Vitamin a in dietary supplements and fortified foods: too much of a good thing?
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Obesity surgery     Volume:  20     ISSN:  1708-0428     ISO Abbreviation:  Obes Surg     Publication Date:  2010 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-08-30     Completed Date:  2011-01-19     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9106714     Medline TA:  Obes Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1281-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Production Animal Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Calgary, 3330 University Drive NW, Calgary, Alberta, T2N 4N1, Canada.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Bariatric Surgery / methods*
Body Weight*
Gastric Bypass*
Ileum / surgery*
Jejunum / surgery*
Peptide YY / blood*
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Weight Loss
Reg. No./Substance:
106388-42-5/Peptide YY

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Understanding racial disparities in treatment intensification for hypertension management.
Next Document:  Effects of formaldehyde inhalation on zinc, copper and iron concentrations in liver and kidney of ma...