Document Detail

Comparison of Dry-Land Training Programs Between Age Groups of Swimmers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23375633     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVE: To describe the current use of dry-land training in swimmers by age category. DESIGN: Randomized sampling questionnaire. SETTING: Web-based survey. PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-seven coaches from swim clubs throughout the United States. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Dry-land training use, frequency, duration, mode of exercise, and exercise by body region in the following groups: ≤10 years, 11-14 years, 15-18 years, collegiate, and masters swimmers (≥18 years, noncollegiate). RESULTS: Among the surveyed coaches (n = 97), dry-land training use varied by swimmers' age (≤10 years [54%], 11-14 years [83%], 15-18 years [93%], collegiate [86%], and masters [26%]) and type of training modality (age ≤18 years [body weight exercises, stretching]; collegiate [free weight/machine weights and body weight exercises]; and masters [weight and cardiovascular training]). The most common body region exercised for all categories except masters was the spine/core, followed by the proximal leg, and then the shoulder. Masters swimmers focused on the shoulder region, followed by the spine. The primary reason for participation in dry-land training was injury prevention for all categories except masters. Limited practice time was the most common reason for not using dry-land training. CONCLUSIONS: A total of 50%-93% of swim coaches surveyed for all groups except masters incorporated some form of dry-land training; they used body weight exercises in younger swimmers. The focus of dry-land training among swimmers ≤18 years and collegiate swimmers was the spine/core. These findings may be used to develop future studies on how dry-land training contributes to performance or injuries, especially in the younger swimmer.
Brian J Krabak; Kyle J Hancock; Shawn Drake
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  PM & R : the journal of injury, function, and rehabilitation     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1934-1563     ISO Abbreviation:  PM R     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-2-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101491319     Medline TA:  PM R     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Department of Rehabilitation, Orthopedics and Sports Medicine, University of Washington, 4245 Roosevelt Way NE, Box 354740, Seattle, WA 98105; Seattle Children's Sports Medicine, Seattle WA . Electronic address:
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From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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