Document Detail


Comparison of AC electronic monitoring and field data for estimating tolerance to Empoasca kraemeri (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) in common bean genotypes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11142315     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Two methods for estimating the tolerance of common bean genotypes to Empoasca kraemeri Ross & Moore were compared, using a yield trial carried out at Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT), Cali, Colombia, versus stylet penetration tactics measured by AC electronic feeding monitors. A stylet penetration index was devised based on principal component scores of three penetration tactics identified (pulsing laceration, cell rupturing, and lancing sap ingestion), combined with knowledge of the hopperburn symptoms caused by each tactic. Tolerant genotypes, as classified by the CIAT yield index, showed significantly more unprotected yield and lower hopperburn scores than the susceptible control. They also induced performance of less pulsing laceration (the tactic considered most damaging to the plant), and more of the other two, mitigating tactics, especially cell rupturing. When index values were calculated for each genotype, stylet penetration index values matched those of the yield index for three out of five genotypes: two EMP-coded tolerant lines ('EMP 385' and 'EMP 392') and the susceptible control 'BAT 41'. Thus, for these three genotypes, all subsequent hoppereburn symptoms are predictable by the type of feeding behavior performed on them. 'Porrillo Sintético' and 'EMP 84', considered borderline genotypes by the yield index, were overestimated and underestimated respectively, by the stylet penetration index. We postulate that, for these two genotypes, plant physiological responses to feeding (either compensatory or heightened sensitivity, respectively) synergize with type of feeding performed to generate the overall hopperburn condition. This multivariate analysis of electronic monitoring data was successfully used to devise an index of resistance. The implications of using the stylet penetration index and the advantages of using electronic monitoring in a bean-breeding program are discussed.
Authors:
M S Serrano; E A Backus; C Cardona
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of economic entomology     Volume:  93     ISSN:  0022-0493     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Econ. Entomol.     Publication Date:  2000 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-01-04     Completed Date:  2001-01-25     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985127R     Medline TA:  J Econ Entomol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1796-809     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Entomology, University of Missouri-Columbia, 65211, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Electrodes
Fabaceae / genetics*,  growth & development
Female
Genotype*
Hemiptera*
Insecticides
Pest Control, Biological
Plant Diseases
Plants, Medicinal*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Insecticides

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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