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Comparison of 5 Different Remifentanil Strategies Against Myocardial Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21514843     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of various remifentanil strategies (preconditioning, postconditioning, or continuous infusion) against myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury. DESIGN: An in vitro experimental study using the Langendorff system. SETTING: A university research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats (each n = 9). INTERVENTIONS: Five different remifentanil strategies were performed in isolated rat hearts as follows: remifentanil preconditioning (R-Pre), remifentanil postconditioning (R-Post), ischemic targeting remifentanil (R1), reperfusion targeting remifentanil (R2), or both ischemic and reperfusion targeting remifentanil (R3). Infarct size and cardiodynamics were compared. MEASUREMENT AND MAIN RESULTS: The infarct-risk volume ratio in groups R-Pre (13.7% ± 9.9%), R-Post (13.7% ± 12.3%), and R3 (12.6% ± 6.1%) were decreased significantly compared with the untreated control hearts (32.9% ± 11.1%, p &lt 0.01). There was no significant difference in the left ventricular-developed pressure (LVDP) recovery after reperfusion between the control (43.6% ± 14.5%) and R-Pre (34.8% ± 12.9%, p > 0.05) groups after reperfusion. However, the LVDP recovery in R-Post (21.6% ± 7.7%, p < 0.05), R1 (16.7% ± 19.8%, p < 0.01), R2 (22.2% ± 13.9%, p < 0.05), and R3 (16.2% ± 7.8%, p < 0.01) was decreased significantly compared with control hearts. There was no significant difference in the recovery of dP/dt(max) after reperfusion between the R-Pre (42.0% ± 16.9%) and control groups (39.0% ± 15.4%, p > 0.05), whereas the dP/dt(max) in R3 group (16.9% ± 9.0%) was decreased significantly compared with R-Pre (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Preconditioning or postconditioning by remifentanil and the continuous infusion of remifentanil effectively reduce myocardial infarction, whereas reperfusion targeting ischemic targeting or reperfusion targeting remifentanil does not. Remifentanil preconditioning better preserves myocardial function, especially LVDP, than other remifentanil strategies.
Kook Jin Chun; Yong Hyun Park; Jeong Su Kim; Youngho Jang; June Hong Kim; Jun Kim; Mi Young Lee
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-4-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of cardiothoracic and vascular anesthesia     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-8422     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-4-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9110208     Medline TA:  J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Institute of Cardiovascular Research, Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital, Gyeongsangnam-do, Republic of Korea.
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