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Comparing participation in activities among children with disabilities.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22835684     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
INTRODUCTION: Compared to typically developing peers, children with disabilities due to neurodevelopmental disorders and disabilities (NDD/D) and to chronic medical conditions (CMC) have reduced participation in activities. The extent to which these two groups of children have different levels of participation is unknown and was examined in this study. METHODS: The 2006 Participation and Activity Limitation Survey children dataset collected by Statistics Canada was analyzed. Children with disabilities due to NDD/D and CMC were identified following review and classification of all ICD-10 codes in the dataset by two pediatricians. Dependent variables were parent-reported child participation in supervised and unsupervised physical activities within and outside of school, educational activities, and social/recreational activities. Logistic regression analyses, with relevant covariates (child and familial characteristics), were used to analyze the data. RESULTS: Children with NDD/D were significantly more likely to take part in supervised and unsupervised physical activity at school than children with CMC (p<0.001). A similar trend was observed for participation in school outings, although the effect was not significant at p<0.01. Finally, a trend in the opposite direction was observed for educational activities, as children with NDD/D were less likely to take part in these activities than children with CMC. DISCUSSION: Finding decreased participation among children with CMC compared with NDD/D was not predicted a priori but has potential implications for their mental and physical health. CONCLUSIONS: Gaining a better understanding of the barriers to participation in physical activity may contribute to improving the overall health status of children with CMC.
Louise C Mâsse; Anton R Miller; Jane Shen; Veronica Schiariti; Lori Roxborough
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Research in developmental disabilities     Volume:  33     ISSN:  1873-3379     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8709782     Medline TA:  Res Dev Disabil     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  2245-2254     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Department of Pediatrics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada; School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada; Developmental Neurosciences & Child Health, Child & Family Research Institute, Vancouver, BC, Canada.
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