Document Detail

Comparing early embryo mortality in dairy cows during hot and cool seasons of the year.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16727249     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
The objectives of this study were to identify the level and stage of embryonic mortality that occur in dairy cows during hot and cool seasons of the year. Experimental dairy cows, of varying ages, were artificially inseminated with frozen-thawed semen from proven Holstein sires. Females on each dairy unit were then randomly allocated to one of three experimental groups after partitioning by day of artificial insemination, days post partum, parity, and current milk production level. In Group I and Group II, nonsurgical embryo collection was performed on each cow using Dulbecco's phosphate-buffered saline as the flushing medium. Embryos from cows in Group I were collected on Days 6 or 7 post insemination during the hot (n=93) and cool (n=64) seasons. Embryos from cows in Group II were collected on Days 13 or 14 post insemination during the hot (n=97) and cool (n=63) seasons. In Group III, contemporary control cows were also inseminated during the hot (n=106) and cool (n=106) seasons, and fetal heart beat was evaluated via ultrasound between Days 25 and 35 following insemination. Embryo viability decreased (P<0.05) from 59% at Day 7 to 27% at Day 14 in the hot season, but was not decreased during the cool season (52 vs. 60%). Pregnancy rate at Days 25 to 35 was 21% in the hot season, which was less (P<0.05) than the 36% in the cool season. The percentage of unfertilized ova collected in both the hot and cool seasons suggests that fertilization failure was not affected by season of breeding. In summary, embryonic loss after Day 7 of pregnancy appears to be a problem in this hot, dry climate.
D P Ryan; J F Prichard; E Kopel; R A Godke
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Theriogenology     Volume:  39     ISSN:  0093-691X     ISO Abbreviation:  Theriogenology     Publication Date:  1993 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-05-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0421510     Medline TA:  Theriogenology     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  719-37     Citation Subset:  -    
Animal Science Department, LAES, LSU Agricultural Center, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803 USA; Masstock Research & Development Corporation Riyadh 11492, Saudi Arabia.
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