Document Detail

Comparing Performance of Centerline Algorithms for Quantitative Assessment of Brain Vascular Anatomy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23060363     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Attributes like length, diameter, and tortuosity of tubular anatomical structures such as blood vessels in medical images can be measured from centerlines. This study develops methods for comparing the accuracy and stability of centerline algorithms. Sample data included numeric phantoms simulating arteries and clinical human brain artery images. Centerlines were calculated from segmented phantoms and arteries with shortest paths centerline algorithms developed with different cost functions. The cost functions were the inverse modified distance from edge (MDFE(i) ), the center of mass (COM), the binary-thinned (BT)-MDFE(i) , and the BT-COM. The accuracy of the centerline algorithms were measured by the root mean square error from known centerlines of phantoms. The stability of the centerlines was measured by starting the centerline tree from different points and measuring the differences between trees. The accuracy and stability of the centerlines were visualized by overlaying centerlines on vasculature images. The BT-COM cost function centerline was the most stable in numeric phantoms and human brain arteries. The MDFE(i) -based centerline was most accurate in the numeric phantoms. The COM-based centerline correctly handled the "kissing" artery in 16 of 16 arteries in eight subjects whereas the BT-COM was correct in 10 of 16 and MDFE(i) was correct in 6 of 16. The COM-based centerline algorithm was selected for future use based on the ability to handle arteries where the initial binary vessels segmentation exhibits closed loops. The selected COM centerline was found to measure numerical phantoms to within 2% of the known length. Anat Rec, 2012. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Karl T Diedrich; John A Roberts; Richard H Schmidt; Dennis L Parker
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Anatomical record (Hoboken, N.J. : 2007)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1932-8494     ISO Abbreviation:  Anat Rec (Hoboken)     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101292775     Medline TA:  Anat Rec (Hoboken)     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Department of Radiology, University of Utah, Utah Center for Advanced Imaging Research, Salt Lake City, Utah.
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