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Comparing the Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST) to Platelet Ratio Index (APRI) Between African American and White Veterans with Chronic Hepatitis C.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21606706     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: : The study of noninvasive markers of fibrosis, such as aspartate aminotransferase (AST) to platelet ratio index (APRI), have been limited in African American populations. Given the disparate outcomes of chronic hepatitis C in African American populations, comparative analyses of the APRI score should be undertaken. Compare the diagnostic accuracy of the APRI score for significant fibrosis and cirrhosis in a sample of African American and white veterans with chronic hepatitis C in the southeastern United States.
METHODS: : We identified 268 veterans with chronic hepatitis C who had received a liver biopsy. The APRI score was calculated using laboratory values obtained within 180 days of liver biopsy and compared to the fibrosis stage (F0-F4). Performance characteristics of the APRI score for determining stages of fibrosis were compared in African American (n = 142) and white (n = 117) individuals.
RESULTS: : An APRI score of 0.99 had a comparably high negative predictive value for significant fibrosis (F3-F4) in African American 0.90 and white veterans (0.83). For cirrhosis (F4), an APRI score of 1.0 provided a negative predictive value of 0.96 in the African American subset and 0.94 in the white subset. We did not detect any difference in the performance of the APRI score for predicting stages of fibrosis between the two groups.
CONCLUSION: : The APRI score displayed similar performance in African Americans and whites. A threshold of 1.0 can reliably exclude cirrhosis in African American veterans with chronic HCV infection.
Authors:
Mary Jane Burton; Imran Sunesara; Alan Penman; Huan Pham; Nora Oliver; Casey A Young; Novell McGloster; Brendan M McGuire
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Southern medical journal     Volume:  104     ISSN:  1541-8243     ISO Abbreviation:  South. Med. J.     Publication Date:  2011 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-05-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0404522     Medline TA:  South Med J     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  309-14     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
From the Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Jackson, MS; University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson; and University of Alabama at Birmingham.
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