Document Detail


Comparative validity of two hearing loss screening questionnaires.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1402729     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Hearing loss is one of the most common of all physical impairments, but physicians seldom screen adults for it, and patients often overlook or deny hearing problems. This study was designed to validate the use of two self-administered hearing loss questionnaires. METHODS: Two self-administered screening questionnaires and a hearing screening evaluation using the Welch Allyn Audioscope 3 instrument were given to 409 consecutive family practice patients over the age of 18 years. Correlational, discriminate, sensitivity, and specificity analyses were conducted on the data. RESULTS: Neither of the existing questionnaires was clinically sensitive enough to be recommended for use. A new tool based on a discriminate function analysis of the existing questionnaires was developed. In contrast, the audioscope proved to be a sensitive screening tool. Of those patients who were identified, 88% did not follow recommendations to obtain further evaluation. CONCLUSIONS: Existing self-administered questionnaires cannot be recommended for use. A controlled clinical study using the newly derived questionnaire, the Smith Hearing Screening, should be conducted.
Authors:
M F Smith; R G Nathan; D S Wayner; N C Mitnick
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of family practice     Volume:  35     ISSN:  0094-3509     ISO Abbreviation:  J Fam Pract     Publication Date:  1992 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-11-09     Completed Date:  1992-11-09     Revised Date:  2010-03-24    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7502590     Medline TA:  J Fam Pract     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  411-6     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Family Practice, Albany Medical College, NY 12208-3495.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Attitude to Health
Audiometry, Pure-Tone
Family Practice
Female
Hearing Disorders / prevention & control*,  psychology
Humans
Male
Mass Screening / methods*,  standards
Questionnaires / standards*
Reproducibility of Results
Comments/Corrections
Erratum In:
J Fam Pract 1992 Dec;35(6):618

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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