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Comparative trial of Permethrin 5% vs. Lindane 1 % for the treatment of scabies.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22905702     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Abstract Objective: Treatment of scabies is an important issue in infectious dermatology. The aim of this study was to specify whether permethrin is effective for the treatment of human scabies and to compare its effectiveness with that of 1% lindane by topical application. Methods: 220 patients with scabies with the mean age of 44 ± 12/24, attending the study. Patients were divided into two groups randomly. The first group and their family contacts received 5% permethrin cream and the other received 1% lindane lotion. Treatment was evaluated at intervals of 2 and 4 weeks. Results: Of 254 patients, 220 completed the study. 110 in the group treated with lindane and 110 in the group treated with permethrin. Permethrin provided an improvement rate of 92 (83.6%) after two weeks, whereas lindane was effective only in 54 (49%) of patients. After four weeks improvement rate was 96.3% (106 of 110) in permethrin group since it was only 69.1% (76 of 110) in lindane group. Conclusion: Permethrin (5%) cream was found to be significantly more effective in the treatment of scabies in comparison with lindane in this study. There were no adverse effects with either permethrin or lindane.
Authors:
Mohamad Goldust; Farideh Golforoushan; Mohamad Reza Ranjkesh; Shahla Babae Nejad; Elham Rezaee
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of dermatological treatment     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1471-1753     ISO Abbreviation:  J Dermatolog Treat     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8918133     Medline TA:  J Dermatolog Treat     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Tabriz, University of Medical sciences , Tabriz, Iran.
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