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Comparative study of treatment efficacy and the incidence of post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation with different degrees of irradiation using two different quality-switched lasers for removing solar lentigines on Asian skin.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22181827     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Background  Quality-switched (QS) lasers are well-known effective treatment for removing solar lentigines. However, the high incidence of post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH) raises concern in darker skin types. This is the first study comparing efficacies and incidences of PIH in Asian skin with different degrees of irradiation between two QS lasers. Method  In total, 355 solar lentigines in 193 cases, skin types III-V, were randomly divided into four groups. All cases received single laser treatment. Clinical results were evaluated after 4 weeks. Groups 1 and 3 were treated 'aggressively' with endpoints of very obvious immediate whitening (IW) of the lesion. Groups 2 and 4 were treated 'mildly' with endpoints of slight IW of the lesion. Groups 1 and 2 were irradiated with the QS ruby, and groups 3 and 4 with the QS frequency doubled Nd:YAG laser. Results  There were no statistically significant differences in degrees of clearance among the four groups. However, PIH incidences were very different: 33.33%, 7.47%, 23.18% and 8.47% in groups 1, 2, 3 and 4 respectively. The difference between aggressively and mildly irradiated groups (1 and 3 vs. 2 and 4) was statistically significant (P < 0.001). However, there was no statistical difference between the two aggressively or the two mildly irradiated groups. There were no significant differences between skin types. Conclusion  Aggressive irradiation using QS lasers resulted in a high PIH incidence, while having no advantage in efficacy. For darker skin types, mild irradiation reduces the PIH risk with no disadvantage in efficacy.
Authors:
K Negishi; H Akita; S Tanaka; Y Yokoyama; S Wakamatsu; K Matsunaga
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-12-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology : JEADV     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1468-3083     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9216037     Medline TA:  J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2011 The Authors. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology © 2011 European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology.
Affiliation:
Aoyama Institute of Women's Medicine, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Tokyo, Japan Department of Dermatology, Fujita Health University School of Medicine, Toyoake, Japan.
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