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Comparative study of nifedipine and isoxpurine as tocolytics for preterm labor.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23024518     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: This study was done to compare isoxpurine hydrochloride and nifedipine as tocolytic drugs for preterm labor.
METHODS: A prospective cohort study of 832 antenatal women with preterm labor was conducted in the Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology. Out of 400 women found eligible for tocolysis, 200 were given isoxpurine hydrochloride while the other 200 were given nifedipine randomly. The data obtained was statistically analyzed on SPSS 10.0 of Windows 2003.
RESULTS: Incidence of preterm labor was 22% while the incidence of preterm delivery was 20.9%. Nifedipine was twice more effective than isoxpurine hydrochloride as a tocolytic agent as a tocolytic agent (P value 0.006) while side effects were comparable (P value 0.133). In early-diagnosed preterm labor, nifedipine had higher efficacy than isoxpurine (P value 6.45 × 10(-6)) and also higher efficacy than its own in late diagnosed preterm labor (P value 2.08 × 10(-5)).
CONCLUSIONS: There is a high incidence of preterm labor in India. Nifedipine is a better tocolytic drug than isoxpurine hydrochloride, especially when started with the earliest signs of preterm labor.
Authors:
Nisha Singh; Uma Singh; Shikha Seth
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2011-10-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of obstetrics and gynaecology of India     Volume:  61     ISSN:  0975-6434     ISO Abbreviation:  J Obstet Gynaecol India     Publication Date:  2011 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-01     Completed Date:  2012-10-02     Revised Date:  2013-05-29    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0374763     Medline TA:  J Obstet Gynaecol India     Country:  India    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  512-5     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, CSM Medical University (former KGMC), A-172 South City, Lucknow, UP India.
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