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Comparative study between tissue-engineered periosteum and structural allograft in rabbit critical-sized radial defect model.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21290569     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of tissue-engineered periosteum (TEP) to allgeneic bone in repairing segmental bone defect. TEP was fabricated with osteoinduced rabbit bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and porcine small intestinal submucosa (SIS). Allogrfats were cryopreserved radial segments of New Zealand Rabbits. Forty-eight radial critical-sized defects (CSD) were bilaterally produced in 24 rabbits. The defects were divided into three groups, group A, TEP implantation, group B, SIS implantation, and group C allograft. Bone defect reconstruction was kinetically analyzed at 4, 8, and 12 weeks by radiographic and histological scoring system. In group A, bone defects were radiographically and histologically healed with mature cortex and marrow cavity by 12 weeks, while none of the defects healed in group B. Group C showed a slow process of creeping substitution with lymphocyte infiltration. Statistical comparison confirmed that group A had a more efficient and rapid bone defect reparation as well as remodelling than Group B and C. In conclusion, TEP is superior to structural allograft in reconstruction of allogenic segmental bone defect. Pure SIS cannot guide bone regeneration in this rabbit model. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part B: Appl Biomater, 2011.
Lin Zhao; Junli Zhao; Shuanke Wang; Junsheng Wang; Jia Liu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-2-2
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of biomedical materials research. Part B, Applied biomaterials     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1552-4981     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-2-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101234238     Medline TA:  J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Orthopaedic Institute of the 2nd Hospital of Lanzhou University, 730030, Lanzhou City, People's Republic of China.
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