Document Detail


Comparative prevalences of some common intestinal helminth infections in different altitudinal regions in Ethiopia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10214442     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Infection prevalences of Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura and the hookworms in school children in several communities of three altitudinal regions in Ethiopia have been analyzed. The prevalence of A. lumbricoides infection was 29% in the highlands, 35% in the temperate areas and 38% in the lowlands. The prevalence of hookworm infection was highest in the lowlands (24%) followed by the temperate (15%) and highland (7%) areas and the difference was significant (p < 0.0001). T. trichiura infection exhibited similar prevalences in all altitudinal regions (13% on the average). The prevalence of infection due to Ascaris lumbricoides and Trichuris trichiura was significantly correlated (rs = 0.55, p < 0.001) in the lowlands hinting the closely related distribution and co-occurrence of these parasites. The prevalence of infection due to the hookworms and T. trichiura in the temperate areas showed some pattern of association (rs = 0.29). A similar pattern has also been noted between the prevalence of infection due to A. lumbricoides and T. trichiura in the highland areas (rs = 0.48). The co-occurrence of A. lumbricoides and T. trichiura infections in the lowlands and in the highlands suggest that a concurrent intervention against infection due to these two parasites using the same control methods would be advantageous.
Authors:
L Jemaneh
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ethiopian medical journal     Volume:  36     ISSN:  0014-1755     ISO Abbreviation:  Ethiop. Med. J.     Publication Date:  1998 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-05-06     Completed Date:  1999-05-06     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0373223     Medline TA:  Ethiop Med J     Country:  ETHIOPIA    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Addis Ababa University.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Altitude*
Animals
Ascariasis / epidemiology*,  parasitology,  prevention & control
Ascaris lumbricoides*
Child
Ethiopia / epidemiology
Hookworm Infections / epidemiology*,  parasitology,  prevention & control
Humans
Population Surveillance
Prevalence
Residence Characteristics
Students* / statistics & numerical data
Trichuriasis / epidemiology*,  parasitology,  prevention & control
Trichuris*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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