Document Detail


Comparative persistence of pesticides on selected cultivars of specialty vegetables.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12590477     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The behavior and dissipation of several pesticides on selected cultivars of specialty vegetable crops were compared to determine appropriate preharvest intervals for compliance with maximum residue limits. To reduce application variability, a tank mix of pesticides was applied for each trial. Residues of eight pesticides applied to bok choi, Chinese broccoli, and fuzzy squash were similar for the two leafy vegetables; residues were higher than on squash because of the latter's larger mass-to-surface area ratio. Whereas residues of five of the nine pesticides applied to cabbage, Chinese cabbage, and bok choi did not differ significantly from 3 to 14 days after application, residues of cypermethrin and three fungicides were significantly higher on Chinese cabbage and bok choi. The residue deposits of the pesticides were about 50% lower on Chinese cabbage and 90% lower on cabbage than on bok choi. Dissipation of residues on different cultivars of lettuce and cabbage were compared after application of nine pesticides. With the exception of captan, residues on head lettuce were lower than on the other lettuces on day 1; cultivar differences were not significant for most of the nine applied pesticides on days 3 and 8. Generally, residues of the nine individual pesticides on storage cabbage, savoy cabbage, Chinese cabbage, and tah tsai did not differ significantly from day 1 to day 7 after application. Residue concentrations were generally significantly higher on bok choi than on the other cultivars. Residue deposits generally correlated with the rate of application; residues of captan, however, were about 50% of the predicted value. Significant differences in deposit and dissipation were observed among cultivars and pesticides, with dramatic initial decreases for diazinon and parathion. Because of their higher exposed surface area-to-mass ratios, leafier crops had higher residue concentrations than head varieties. Residues on lettuce cultivars were higher than on the cabbages. The results clearly indicate that structure significantly affects residue deposit and dissipation, and pesticide recommendations cannot always be extended to specialty crops without an investigation of the changes in preharvest intervals to prevent violations of the maximum residue limits.
Authors:
Brian D Ripley; Gwen M Ritcey; C Ronald Harris; Mary Anne Denommé; Linda I Lissemore
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of agricultural and food chemistry     Volume:  51     ISSN:  0021-8561     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Agric. Food Chem.     Publication Date:  2003 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-02-19     Completed Date:  2003-04-09     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0374755     Medline TA:  J Agric Food Chem     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1328-35     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Laboratory Services, University of Guelph, 95 Stone Road West, Ontario, Canada N1H 8J7. brianripley@rogers.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Brassica / chemistry
Cucurbita
Food Contamination
Lettuce / chemistry
Pesticide Residues / analysis*,  chemistry
Species Specificity
Vegetables / chemistry*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Pesticide Residues

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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